Sciences Techniques Pouvoirs Et Societes Du Xve Siecle Au Xviiie Siecle Capes Agregation Histoire Geographie Book PDF, EPUB Download & Read Online Free

Sciences, techniques, pouvoirs et sociétés du XVe siècle au XVIIIe siècle

Sciences, techniques, pouvoirs et sociétés du XVe siècle au XVIIIe siècle

Author: Laurent-Henri Vignaud
Publisher: Armand Colin
ISBN: 2100756281
Pages: 336
Year: 2016-09-21
Cet ouvrage prépare à la nouvelle question d'histoire moderne du capes et de l'agrégation d'histoire-géographie. Cet ouvrage vous propose : Des chapitres de cours qui abordent toutes les thématiques relatives à la question. Chaque chapitre est structuré comme un cours universitaire, mettant en avant les connaissances fondamentales, les problématiques et les exemples. Les méthodes des épreuves spécifiques au Capes et à l’Agrégation, avec des conseils très concrets et de nombreux sujets corrigés pour s’entraîner selon les exigences des jurys des concours. Un ensemble d’outils de travail : chronologie, lexique, index, notices biographiques, bibliographie commentée, etc.
Sciences, techniques, pouvoirs et sociétés du XVe siècle au XVIIIe siècle

Sciences, techniques, pouvoirs et sociétés du XVe siècle au XVIIIe siècle

Author: Chantal Grell, Robert Halleux
Publisher: Armand Colin
ISBN: 2200616708
Pages: 384
Year: 2016-09-14
Des succès de l’imprimerie qui permet une diffusion sans précédent historique des savoirs et accompagne leur renouvellement à la fin du XVe siècle, à la Révolution industrielle qui assure l’exploitation à grande échelle de procédés techniques jusqu’alors artisanaux trois siècles plus tard, cette synthèse originale met en relief l’évolution des différentes branches des savoirs et les rapports entre disciplines, les mutations de l’espace de la recherche et des centres d’innovation, les rapports entre sciences et techniques. Elle donne à comprendre les imbrications entre les pouvoirs (politiques et religieux) et la société, en soulignant la primauté des facteurs économiques (coûts, profits, investissements) dans les choix effectués en matière de recherche et de promotion de la science et des hommes de science. Entre une histoire internaliste peu soucieuse du contexte et une approche sociologisante qui néglige les contenus, cet ouvrage propose des éléments d’explication et d’analyse des pouvoirs nouveaux de la science et de la technique, à travers une série de points de vue qui révèlent les dynamiques à l’oeuvre entre pôles et périphéries et les enjeux des concurrences. Il donne à réfléchir sur la construction d’une Europe triomphante de la recherche et des savoirs, sur les structures et leur mode de fonctionnement, sur les processus de décision et les transferts de compétence : autant de questions d’actualité qui peuvent éclairer les problèmes auxquels l’Europe reste aujourd’hui confrontée.
Sciences, techniques, pouvoirs et sociétés du XVe siècle au XVIIIe siècle

Sciences, techniques, pouvoirs et sociétés du XVe siècle au XVIIIe siècle

Author: Emmanuelle Charpentier, Corinne Doria, Cédric Grimoult
Publisher:
ISBN: 2340014328
Pages: 248
Year: 2016-09-27
Ce livre reprend l'intitulé du programme d'histoire moderne du CAPES d'histoire-géographie et des agrégations d'histoire et de géographie à partir de la session 2017. Il propose une synthèse sur les grands thèmes du sujet en huit chapitres complétés par huit exercices corrigés (dissertations ou explications de documents). Ses auteurs insistent sur la circulation internationale des savoirs et sur leur exploitation par les pouvoirs politiques afin de dominer de vastes espaces maritimes et terrestres. L'étude des relations complexes entre sciences et techniques, qui bénéficie d'un renouveau récent de l'historiographie, constitue un autre fil directeur de l'ouvrage. L'accent est également mis sur les enjeux économiques liés aux inventions et aux nouvelles pratiques commerciales ou financières. Enfin, l'analyse des dynamiques et des résistances - sociales, culturelles et religieuses - à ces grands changements alimente constamment la discussion. Ce manuel offre de multiples pistes de réflexion en veillant à l'équilibre entre les quatre espaces géographiques proposés par le programme. En effet, ce grand basculement du Moyen Age vers la modernité s'effectue à des rythmes variables selon les pays et les régions ; les termes "révolution scientifique" et "révolution industrielle" qui semblent caractériser les XVIIe et XVIIIe siècles doivent donc être maniés avec prudence.
Neighboring Faiths

Neighboring Faiths

Author: David Nirenberg
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 022616909X
Pages: 352
Year: 2014-10-20
Christianity, Judaism, and Islam are usually treated as autonomous religions, but in fact across the long course of their histories the three religions have developed in interaction with one another. In Neighboring Faiths, David Nirenberg examines how Muslims, Christians, and Jews lived with and thought about each other during the Middle Ages and what the medieval past can tell us about how they do so today. There have been countless scripture-based studies of the three “religions of the book,” but Nirenberg goes beyond those to pay close attention to how the three religious neighbors loved, tolerated, massacred, and expelled each other—all in the name of God—in periods and places both long ago and far away. Nirenberg argues that the three religions need to be studied in terms of how each affected the development of the others over time, their proximity of religious and philosophical thought as well as their overlapping geographies, and how the three “neighbors” define—and continue to define—themselves and their place in terms of one another. From dangerous attractions leading to interfaith marriage; to interreligious conflicts leading to segregation, violence, and sometimes extermination; to strategies for bridging the interfaith gap through language, vocabulary, and poetry, Nirenberg aims to understand the intertwined past of the three faiths as a way for their heirs to produce the future—together.
Crise de la Conscience Europeenne

Crise de la Conscience Europeenne

Author: Paul Hazard
Publisher:
ISBN: 0828874883
Pages: 312
Year: 1961

French Architects and Engineers in the Age of Enlightenment

French Architects and Engineers in the Age of Enlightenment

Author: Antoine Picon
Publisher: Cambridge Univ Pr
ISBN:
Pages: 452
Year: 2010-01-07
This book offers a unique insight to the teaching and practice of architects and engineers.
Jerusalem 1900

Jerusalem 1900

Author: Vincent Lemire
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 022618837X
Pages: 224
Year: 2017-04-21
Perhaps the most contested patch of earth in the world, Jerusalem’s Old City experiences consistent violent unrest between Israeli and Palestinian residents, with seemingly no end in sight. Today, Jerusalem’s endless cycle of riots and arrests appears intractable—even unavoidable—and it looks unlikely that harmony will ever be achieved in the city. But with Jerusalem 1900, historian Vincent Lemire shows us that it wasn’t always that way, undoing the familiar notion of Jerusalem as a lost cause and revealing a unique moment in history when a more peaceful future seemed possible. In this masterly history, Lemire uses newly opened archives to explore how Jerusalem’s elite residents of differing faiths cooperated through an intercommunity municipal council they created in the mid-1860s to administer the affairs of all inhabitants and improve their shared city. These residents embraced a spirit of modern urbanism and cultivated a civic identity that transcended religion and reflected the relatively secular and cosmopolitan way of life of Jerusalem at the time. These few years would turn out to be a tipping point in the city’s history—a pivotal moment when the horizon of possibility was still open, before the council broke up in 1934, under British rule, into separate Jewish and Arab factions. Uncovering this often overlooked diplomatic period, Lemire reveals that the struggle over Jerusalem was not historically inevitable—and therefore is not necessarily intractable. Jerusalem 1900 sheds light on how the Holy City once functioned peacefully and illustrates how it might one day do so again.
Film Analysis in English

Film Analysis in English

Author: Hurtrez Lionel
Publisher: Editions OPHRYS
ISBN: 2708013912
Pages: 168
Year: 2013-11-05
Cet ouvrage apporte aux lecteurs les outils leur permettant de mener à bien l’exercice d’analyse de séquences en anglais. Il offre à la fois une méthodologie, le vocabulaire approprié, un bagage culturel ainsi qu’une série d’exemples concrets en anglais. Il se propose d’être un outil sur lequel peut s’appuyer l’enseignant, mais il se veut également assez complet pour pouvoir être utilisé en autonomie. Il s’appuie sur les recherches récentes en études cinématographiques, qu’elles soient en langue anglaise ou française, et permet ainsi de faire le pont entre les différentes approches, sans pour autant multiplier les références aux débats trop précis qui obscurciraient le propos. Néanmoins, des références parcourent le texte afin de donner au lecteur la possibilité d’approfondir son travail sur tel ou tel aspect du cinéma. Les exemples d analyses portent sur des extraits de films classiques et offrent un panorama le plus juste possible du cinéma anglo-saxon. L’ensemble des exemples étant divisé en plusieurs parties historiques, elles-mêmes introduites par une présentation de la période couverte, l’ouvrage donne au lecteur un bagage culturel suffisant pour réussir cette épreuve. Il permet aux étudiants préparant le CAPES ou l’Agrégation d’anglais de se mettre à niveau pour l’analyse de films dans le cadre des concours. Il offre aux enseignants et aux candidats des pistes pédagogiques et des activités de classe pour exploiter les extraits de films.
The Mindful Hand

The Mindful Hand

Author: Lissa Roberts, Simon Schaffer, Peter Dear
Publisher: Edita Publishing House of the Royal
ISBN: 9069844834
Pages: 503
Year: 2007
Although manual labor and theoretical invention might now seem separate ventures, they are closely linked processes. The Mindful Hand explores innovative areas of European society between the late Renaissance and the period of early industrialization where the enterprise of knowledge and production relied on the most intimate connections of thought and toil. It explains how philosophers and laborers collaborated to pioneer technical change alongside knowledge formation. The essays gathered here help show how these projects were pursued together, yet why, in retrospect, the very categories of science and technology emerged as seemingly distinct endeavors.
INVECTIVES

INVECTIVES

Author: Francesco Petrarca
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 0674042093
Pages: 320
Year: 2009-06-30
Francesco Petrarca (1304-1374), one of the greatest of Italian poets, was also the leading spirit in the Renaissance movement to revive ancient Roman language and literature. Just as Petrarch's Latin epic Africa imitated Virgil and his compendium On Illustrious Men was inspired by Livy, so Petrarch's four Invectives were intended to revive the eloquence of the great Roman orator Cicero. The Invectives are directed against the cultural idols of the Middle Ages--against scholastic philosophy and medicine and the dominance of French culture in general. They defend the value of literary culture against obscurantism and provide a clear statement of the values of Renaissance humanism. This volume provides a new critical edition of the Latin text based on the two autograph copies, and the first English translation of three of the four invectives. Table of Contents: Introduction Invectives against a Physician Invective against a Man of High Rank with No Knowledge or Virtue On His Own Ignorance and That of Many Others Invective against a Detractor of Italy Note on the Texts and Translations Notes to the Text Notes to the Translation Bibliography Index
The Culture Of Western Europe

The Culture Of Western Europe

Author: George Mosse
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 0429972520
Pages: 444
Year: 2018-02-19
A revised and updated edition of this established cultural history examines the interplay between eighteenth-century rationalism and nineteenth-century romanticism as they meshed and modified one another to shape the prominent trends of the twentieth century.A new chapter, The Changing Pace of Life," skillfully bridges an analysis of romanticism and its link with nationalism by outlining the effects of the Industrial Revolution on all elements of society with particular attention to politics, economics, class identity and conflict, transportation, communication, religion and morality, family structure, medicine, and art.A new conclusion interweaves analysis of the postwar effects of social psychology, the return to liberalism, the emergence of civil rights movements, and the persistence of nationalism beyond the bounds of World War II.
Queenship and Political Discourse in the Elizabethan Realms

Queenship and Political Discourse in the Elizabethan Realms

Author: Natalie Mears
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521819229
Pages: 311
Year: 2005-12-08
An important re-evaluation of Elizabethan politics and Elizabeth's queenship in sixteenth-century England, Wales and Ireland.
Johann Heinrich Alsted, 1588-1638

Johann Heinrich Alsted, 1588-1638

Author: Howard Hotson
Publisher: Courier Corporation
ISBN: 0198208286
Pages: 271
Year: 2000
Johann Heinrich Alsted, professor of philosophy and theology at the Calvinist academy of Heborn, was a man of many parts. A deputy to the famous Synod of Dort and greatest encyclopaedist of his age, he was also a pioneer of Calvinist millenarianism and a devoted student of astrology, alchemy, Lullism, and the works of Giordano Bruno. From the mainstream Reformed tradition, Alsted and his circle inherited the zeal for further reformation of church, state, and society; but with thisthey blended hermetic dreams of a general reformation and the restoration of primordial perfection to the fallen human nature through Lullist and alchemical panaceas. However paradoxical from a strictly Calvinist standpoint, this loose synthesis helped prepare the programme of Alsted's greatest student, Jan Amos Cominius, and the following generation of central European universal reformers. Alsted's intellectual biography opens up unexpected perspectives on the reforming movements of theseventeenth century, and provides an invaluable introduction to many of the central ideas, individuals and institutions of this neglected era of central European intellectual history.
Illuminating Leonardo

Illuminating Leonardo

Author: Constance Moffatt, Sara Taglialagamba
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004304134
Pages: 400
Year: 2016-01-18
Illuminating Leonardo offers new contributions from major scholars of Leonardo da Vinci covering all aspects of his genius, including his manuscripts and their aftermath, and the various fields of art and science.
Religion Grecque

Religion Grecque

Author: Louise Bruit Zaidman, Pauline Schmitt Pantel
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521423570
Pages: 278
Year: 1992-12-17
This book is an English translation of the French work La Religion Grecque. Its purpose is to consider how religious beliefs and cultic rituals were given expression in ancient Greece. The chapters cover first ritual and then myth, rooting the account in the practices of the classical city while also taking seriously the world of the imagination. For this edition the bibliography has been substantially revised to meet the needs of a mainly student, English-speaking readership. The book is enriched throughout by illustrations, and by quotations from original sources.