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POLITIQUES PUBLIQUES DE SECURITE

POLITIQUES PUBLIQUES DE SECURITE

Author: François Dieu
Publisher: Editions L'Harmattan
ISBN: 2296391540
Pages: 280
Year: 1999-09-01
Une présentation des politiques publiques de sécurité mises en œuvre en France depuis une vingtaine d'années. Cette évocation de l'action publique dans les territoires urbains et ruraux conduit à aborder les principaux thèmes aujourd'hui au centre des réflexions et des débats sur les problèmes de sécurité.
Les politiques publiques de sécurité

Les politiques publiques de sécurité

Author: Alain Bauer, Christophe Soullez
Publisher: Presses Universitaires de France
ISBN: 2130616763
Pages: 128
Year: 2011-08-31
L'État, qui doit assurer la protection et la sécurité de la population, a suivi au fil du temps diverses pistes pour tenter d'accomplir cette mission régalienne. Depuis la Seconde Guerre mondiale, la question de la sécurité au quotidien, la lutte contre la criminalité et la prévention de la délinquance ont fait l'objet d'une prise en compte politique accrue. Peu à peu, de dispositifs en mesures, de rapports en lois-cadres, se sont ainsi construites de véritables politiques publiques de sécurité qui concernent l'action de la police, de la justice ou encore les politiques de la ville. En s'appuyant sur une présentation historique, cet ouvrage explore la notion de politique publique de sécurité et en cerne les évolutions, mettant au jour les divers égarements, les problématiques et les difficultés actuelles auxquels sont confrontés les pouvoirs publiques.

Les politiques publiques locales de sécurité intérieure

Les politiques publiques locales de sécurité intérieure

Author: Nadine Dantonel-Cor
Publisher: Editions L'Harmattan
ISBN: 2336369117
Pages: 314
Year: 2015-02-01
Les politiques publiques locales de sécurité intérieure prennent de l'ampleur et les questions de sécurité deviennent de véritables enjeux politiques, économiques et sociaux, tant au niveau national que territorial. Ces contributions analysent les évolutions transversales dans la mise en oeuvre de ces politiques locales de sécurité et les nombreux partenariats qui se nouent, soit entre l'Etat et les collectivités territoriales, soit entre les collectivités publiques et les partenaires privés.
How Organisations Measure Success

How Organisations Measure Success

Author: Neil Carter, Patricia Day, Rudolf Klein
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134813651
Pages: 216
Year: 2002-01-22
Throughout the 1980s the British Civil Service devoted much time and energy developing indicators to measure the performance of government. Never before had so much stress been placed on accountability and performance; a trend which will be reinforced as government continues to devolve activities to agencies and looks for methods to assess their performance. How Organisations Measure Success analyses existing methods from their origins in the 1960s to their revival in the 1980s as part of the Financial Management Initiative and its apotheosis in the 1990s Next Steps Initiative. How Organisations Measure Success reports on two years of field research funded by the Economic and Social Research Council and will be of great interest to students of social policy and public administration as well as professionals working in government and public sector management.
Computer System Security: Basic Concepts and Solved Exercises

Computer System Security: Basic Concepts and Solved Exercises

Author: Gildas Avoine, Pascal Junod, Philippe Oechslin
Publisher: EPFL Press
ISBN: 1420046209
Pages: 260
Year: 2007-07-13
Computer System Security: Basic Concepts and Solved Exercises is designed to expose students and others to the basic aspects of computer security. Written by leading experts and instructors, it covers e-mail security; viruses and antivirus programs; program and network vulnerabilities; firewalls, address translation and filtering; cryptography; secure communications; secure applications; and security management. Written as an accompanying text for courses on network protocols, it also provides a basic tutorial for those whose livelihood is dependent upon secure systems. The solved exercises included have been taken from courses taught in the Communication Systems department at the EPFL. .
The General Elections in Kenya, 2007

The General Elections in Kenya, 2007

Author: Jérôme Lafargue
Publisher: African Books Collective
ISBN: 9987080197
Pages: 381
Year: 2009
The 2007 general elections in Kenya led to major unrest. The aim of this book is to examine and analyse the events that set the country on fire for several weeks. The situation has largely stabilised since April 2008, when the articles collected in this book were first individually published. Some political information has been updated post April 2008. The coalition government took shape with Mwai Kibaki remaining President while Raila Odinga became the Prime Minister. The country however remains in suspense, as do the donors who had made it possible for Kenya to restore a semblance of peace. But to what point will they be interested in investing in the country and to protect their place in it? The collection comprises a translation of a special issue of Les Cahiers d'Afrique de l'Est, n?37, the journal of the Institut Fran?ais de Recherche en Afrique (IFRA) and a collection of articles from Politique Africaine, n?109. On site researchers - Bernard Calas, Anne Cussac, Dominique Connan, Musambayi Katumanga, J?r?me Lafargue, and Patrick Mutahi; fieldwork carried out between December 2007 and February 2008 by Florence Brisset-Foucault, Ronan Porhel, Brice Rambaud; and in-depth country knowledge by Claire M?dard and Herv? Maupeu, combined to produce a mass of data within a short time. Whilst the tone of the book is not highly optimistic, the thrust is not intended to dampen the unanimous sense of hope in the country that the political and social situation will once more be more than just tolerable.
The French White Paper on Defence and National Security

The French White Paper on Defence and National Security

Author: France. Commission du Livre blanc sur la défense et la sécurité nationale
Publisher: ODILE JACOB PUBLISHING CORP
ISBN: 0976890828
Pages: 336
Year: 2008-07-15
The French White Paper on Defence and National Security sets forth a detailed roadmap for defending the nation’s territory and security interests in a globalised world. It also describes how France can contribute to a wider and more effective role for Europe on the international scene. Upon being elected President of the French Republic, Nicolas Sarkozy appointed a wide-ranging Commission to appraise France’s defence and security strategy. The resulting White Paper surveys today’s uncertain world and addresses key questions in the field of international security. It embraces European developments, the transatlantic partnership, the evolution of the United Nations and the changing position of the Western world and its relations with the Asian and African powers. It tackles key changes in French defence and security policy in the coming years, and the essential role of knowledge-based security and intelligence gathering, nuclear deterrence, the protection of citizens, as well as of French and European territory, and future operations abroad. The book considers questions that lie at the heart of modern military and political strategy. Issues dealt with include Jihadist-inspired terrorism, proliferation of ballistic missiles, preparing for massive cyber attacks, the future shapes of warfare, and the tools for building peace that globalisation affords. This White Paper will interest everyone concerned about international security and the role of citizens in contributing to their own security.
Politics and Public Policy

Politics and Public Policy

Author: Donald C. Baumer, Carl E. Van Horn
Publisher: CQ Press
ISBN: 1483322319
Pages: 416
Year: 2013-07-09
Getting beyond the traditional policy cycle discussed in most textbooks, the fully updated fourth edition of Politics and Public Policy offers a more comprehensive and realistic view of policymaking in the United States—one that looks beyond the jockeying between presidents and members of Congress, and explores the influence of corporate leaders, interest groups, bureaucrats, judges, and journalists. The book explores six distinct, yet connected, policy domains: Boardroom Politics (decisions by business leaders and professionals); Bureaucratic Politics (rule-making and adjudication by administrators); Cloakroom Politics (lawmaking by legislators); Chief Executive Politics (decision making by presidents, governors, mayors, and their advisers); Courtroom Politics (rulings by judges); and Living Room Politics (opinions expressed through the mass media, grassroots movements, political activists, and voters). The authors’ unique framework prepares students to evaluate the strategies of various political actors within each domain.
Defensible Space : Crime Prevention Through Urban Design

Defensible Space : Crime Prevention Through Urban Design

Author: Oscar Newman
Publisher:
ISBN: 0851391362
Pages: 264
Year: 1978

Africa's Demographic Transition

Africa's Demographic Transition

Author: David Canning, Sangeeta Raja, Abdo S. Yazbeck
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 1464804907
Pages: 214
Year: 2015-10-22
Africa is poised on the edge of a potential takeoff to sustained economic growth. This takeoff can be abetted by a demographic dividend from the changes in population age structure. Declines in child mortality, followed by declines in fertility, produce a 'bulge' generation and a large number of working age people, giving a boost to the economy. In the short run lower fertility leads to lower youth dependency rates and greater female labor force participation outside the home. Smaller family sizes also mean more resources to invest in the health and education per child boosting worker productivity. In the long run increased life spans from health improvements mean that this large, high-earning cohort will also want to save for retirement, creating higher savings and investments, leading to further productivity gains. Two things are required for the demographic dividend to generate an African economic takeoff. The first is to speed up the fertility decline that is currently slow or stalled in many countries. The second is economic policies that take advantage of the opportunity offered by demography. While demographic change can produce more, and high quality, workers, this potential workforce needs to be productively employed if Africa is to reap the dividend. However, once underway, the relationship between demographic change and human development works in both directions, creating a virtuous cycle that can accelerate fertility decline, social development, and economic growth. Empirical evidence points to three key factors for speeding the fertility transition: child health, female education, and women's empowerment, particularly through access to family planning. Harnessing the dividend requires job creation for the large youth cohorts entering working age, and encouraging foreign investment until domestic savings and investment increase. The appropriate mix of policies in each country depends on their stage of the demographic transition.
Design for Innovative Technology

Design for Innovative Technology

Author: Nicolas Henchoz , Yves Mirande
Publisher: PPUR Presses polytechniques
ISBN: 1138782785
Pages: 220
Year: 2014-01-16
Despite their often remarkable performance, new and ‘disruptive’ technologies often meet with resistance from the general public. Design – sometimes assumed to play a purely aesthetic role – is central in making revolutio­ nary technology acceptable to society. Mastering design allows technological breakthroughs to transcend the innovation stage and to enter daily life. In this clear and accessible book, Nicolas Henchoz and Yves Mirande offer a new vision for the discipline. A wide range of prac­ tical case studies examine how the principles discussed in the book can renew the interplay between design and innovation. Surprising results are found in projects as diverse as solar cells dye­sensitized with raspberry juice, digital archiving of the Montreux Jazz Festival, and developing uses of augmented reality which bring toge­ ther the creative liberty of the academic world and the competence of industrial partners. Design for Innovative Technology is the culmination of the groundbreaking research performed at the EPFL+ECAL Lab in Switzerland and its network of international institutions worldwide.
Sécurité, insécurité

Sécurité, insécurité

Author: Pierre Garcin
Publisher: Armand Colin
ISBN: 2200356862
Pages: 320
Year: 2005-07-01
Les questions de sécurité et de justice constituent des enjeux essentiels pour toute société. Dans le contexte contemporain, marqué par divers phénomènes (hétérogénéité sociale croissante, forte pression délinquante, menace terroriste, fragilité propre à un monde hyper-technicisé...), ces questions occupent le devant de la scène, et les citoyens attendent de l'État qu'il traite leurs inquiétudes, souvent exacerbées, tout en préservant scrupuleusement le cadre démocratique. Pas de solutions envisageables sans prise en compte de la complexité des situations et de la nécessité de faire preuve de souplesse autant que de résolution. Les politiques publiques, autant que les stratégies mises en oeuvre par les acteurs, doivent constamment évoluer. L'Europe constitue en outre le nouveau champ de référence. Alors, comment s'y retrouver ? Peut-on avoir une vision globale des phénomènes de sécurité et d'insécurité ? À ce qui paraît être une gageure, le présent ouvrage apporte une réponse positive. L'auteur, à la fois homme de terrain et partie prenante de la réflexion prospective, parvient à dresser un bilan large et quasi exhaustif des enjeux de sécurité et d'insécurité, des politiques publiques, des stratégies, des jeux d'acteurs institutionnels ou privés et des débats qui concernent la délinquance, le terrorisme ou l'Europe. Surtout, il ouvre la voie d'une démarche stratégique cohérente, dont la définition est désormais un impératif majeur : la sécurité ne peut plus se réfléchir de façon éclatée mais doit s'appuyer sur une réflexion globale et en même temps résolument opérationnelle. Cet ouvrage constituera une référence, un outil de travail et un support de réflexion pour tous ceux que les questions de sécurité préoccupent ou intéressent : professionnels, universitaires et étudiants, mais aussi simples citoyens. Pierre GARCIN, diplômé de Saint-Cyr, colonel de la gendarmerie nationale, secrétaire général du Centre de prospective de la gendarmerie nationale, a occupé successivement tous les niveaux de commandement opérationnel de la gendarmerie et plusieurs postes en administration centrale et au cabinet militaire du ministre de la Défense. Il intervient à Sciences Po Paris, à l'ENSICAEN et dans plusieurs universités parisiennes.
Eroding Military Influence in Brazil

Eroding Military Influence in Brazil

Author: Wendy Hunter
Publisher: Univ of North Carolina Press
ISBN: 0807846201
Pages: 243
Year: 1997-01
"Major reconsideration of civil-military relations in post-authoritarian Brazil uses case studies of labor rights, federal budgeting, and control over Amazonia to argue that logic of competitive politics allowed civilian politicians to gradually erode military influence. Well researched and documented"--Handbook of Latin American Studies, v. 57.
Enhancing Organizational Performance

Enhancing Organizational Performance

Author: Charles Lusthaus, Marie-Helene Adrien, International Development Research Centre (Canada), Gary Anderson
Publisher: IDRC
ISBN: 0889368708
Pages: 129
Year: 1999-01
Enhancing Organizational Performance: A toolbox for self-assessment