Abrangendo vários temas, desde o sinistro folclore do campesinato francês até as sensibilidades românticas que ligavam Rousseau aos seus leitores burgueses de província, o autor transmite modos de pensar e sentir que foram durante muito tempo mal compreendidos. Somando às técnicas e insights do antropólogo a arte narrativa do historiador, Darnton evoca o exótico e o banal na cultura dos franceses do século XVIII.
Maria Lúcia Garcia Pallares-Burke entrevistou alguns praticantes dos métodos da chamada 'nova história cultural', pedindo-lhes que justificassem suas abordagens e também que, refletindo sobre suas trajetórias intelectuais, contassem um pouco de suas próprias histórias. O resultado dessas conversas é uma série de diálogos, ao mesmo tempo informais e esclarecedores que são apresentados neste livro.
Racism in Novels
Author: Elaine Rocha
Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
During the first half of the twentieth century, both countries witnessed the advance of capitalism, translated into an aggressive police of development, with the exploitation of minerals, construction of railways and roads, urbanization and industrialization. Along with the economic development, Brazilian and South African society tried to take control of their society, meaning to control the population in order to maintain the status quo. For that end, racial definitions, classifications, theories and policies were fundamental. As the features of South African politics and policies of racial segregation emerged with new colors for the world after the end of the Apartheid regime, given the testimonies, the released documents and the new analysis, Brazilians have been pushed to face the problem of racial exclusion, unmasking its image as a “racial paradise” under the lights of new studies as well. Elaine Rocha uses novels published in both countries between 1912 and 1953 as a window from were one could see how cultural perceptions, policies and of racial differentiation were reflected in the everyday life. The analysis of the literary content, plus the authors’ biographies, political ideologies and the problems they were facing and interacting, together with their intentions of affecting the lives of the readers with the tragedy they illustrated in their novels claiming for a change in the real world.
Prince of the People
Author: Eduardo da Silva
Silva provides a case study of the life and ideas of the self-styled Dom Oba II d'Africa, Prince of the People and "street character."
This collection, comprised of chapters focused on the intellectual histories and present circumstances of curriculum studies in Brazil, is Pinar's summary of exchanges (occurring over a two-year period) between the authors and members of an International Panel (scholars working in Finland, South Africa, the United States).
Author: Patrícia Vargas Lopes de Araujo
Publisher: Annablume Editora
O livro tem como objetivo discutir um festejo popular, ocorrido em Minas Gerais e no Brasil até finais do século XIX. Tal festejo, ou folgança, chegou em terras brasileiras trazido pelos colonizadores portugueses, que no além-mar também já o conheciam e c
The Great Cat Massacre
Author: Robert Darnton
Publisher: Basic Books
When the apprentices of a Paris printing shop in the 1730s held a series of mock trials and then hanged all the cats they could lay their hands on, why did they find it so hilariously funny that they choked with laughter when they reenacted it in pantomime some twenty times? Why in the eighteenth-century version of Little Red Riding Hood did the wolf eat the child at the end? What did the anonymous townsman of Montpelier have in mind when he kept an exhaustive dossier on all the activities of his native city? These are some of the provocative questions Robert Darnton answers in this classic work of European history in what we like to call “The Age of Enlightenment.”
Author: Luiz Alberto Couceiro
The Night Battles
Author: Carlo Ginzburg
Publisher: JHU Press
Based on research in the Inquisitorial archives of Northern Italy, The Night Battles recounts the story of a peasant fertility cult centered on the benandanti, literally, "good walkers." These men and women described fighting extraordinary ritual battles against witches and wizards in order to protect their harvests. While their bodies slept, the souls of the benandanti were able to fly into the night sky to engage in epic spiritual combat for the good of the village. Carlo Ginzburg looks at how the Inquisition's officers interpreted these tales to support their world view that the peasants were in fact practicing sorcery. The result of this cultural clash, which lasted for more than a century, was the slow metamorphosis of the benandanti into the Inquisition's mortal enemies—witches. Relying upon this exceptionally well-documented case study, Ginzburg argues that a similar transformation of attitudes—perceiving folk beliefs as diabolical witchcraft—took place all over Europe and spread to the New World. In his new preface, Ginzburg reflects on the interplay of chance and discovery, as well as on the relationship between anomalous cultural notions and historical generalizations. -- Peter Burke
The Kiss of Lamourette
Author: Robert Darnton
Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company
Examines how the past operates in the present, the operation of the media, the history of the book, and discusses history and the human sciences.
The Cheese and the Worms is an incisive study of popular culture in the sixteenth century as seen through the eyes of one man, the miller known as Menocchio, who was accused of heresy during the Inquisition and sentenced to death. Carlo Ginzburg uses the trial records to illustrate the confusing political and religious conditions of the time. For a common miller, Menocchio was surprisingly literate. In his trial testimony he made references to more than a dozen books, including the Bible, Boccaccio's Decameron, Mandeville's Travels, and a "mysterious" book that may have been the Koran. And what he read he recast in terms familiar to him, as in his own version of the creation: "All was chaos, that is earth, air, water, and fire were mixed together; and of that bulk a mass formed—just as cheese is made out of milk—and worms appeared in it, and these were the angels." Ginzburg’s influential book has been widely regarded as an early example of the analytic, case-oriented approach known as microhistory. In a thoughtful new preface, Ginzburg offers his own corollary to Menocchio’s story as he considers the discrepancy between the intentions of the writer and what gets written. The Italian miller’s story and Ginzburg’s work continue to resonate with modern readers because they focus on how oral and written culture are inextricably linked. Menocchio’s 500-year-old challenge to authority remains evocative and vital today. -- Lauro Martines