Les Revirements De Jurisprudence En Droit Administratif De Lan Viii A 1998 Conseil Detat Et Tribunal Des Conflits Book PDF, EPUB Download & Read Online Free

Les revirements de jurisprudence en droit administratif de l'an VIII à 1998

Les revirements de jurisprudence en droit administratif de l'an VIII à 1998

Author: Hugues Le Berre
Publisher:
ISBN:
Pages: 733
Year: 1999
Les revirements de jurisprudence ne constituent pas une originalité du droit administratif. Néanmoins, il faut leur accorder une importance accrue dans une matière où l'intervention prétorienne du juge occupe une place privilégiée. Il reste que certaines problématiques concernent pleinement toutes les juridictions, et en particulier la Cour de cassation. Ainsi, l'incidence de la potentialité des revirements affecte la normativité de toute jurisprudence, qu'elle émane d'un juge administratif, judiciaire ou autre. La définition du revirement de jurisprudence amène à préciser ses deux composants: les éléments matériel et moral. Ceci ne règle pour autant pas les difficultés de connaissance des revirements par la doctrine. Cette connaissance débouche d'ailleurs éventuellement sur une critique doctrinale du principe et des modalités des évolutions décidées par le juge administratif, ce qui doit susciter une atténuation et même, dans une certaine mesure, un rejet de ces attaques. Les causes et les modalités de réalisation des revirements montrent des traits de permanence intéressants sur une période de deux cents ans, mais traduisent aussi l'émergence de nouvelles influences, constitutionnelles et européennes notamment. Le grand nombre de revirements de jurisprudence, remis en perspective dans un contexte global, ne permet pas de conclure sur un constat d'une instabilité excessive et condamnable des principes appliqués par le juge administratif.
Judiciaries within Europe

Judiciaries within Europe

Author: John Bell
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 113945868X
Pages:
Year: 2006-08-10
An in-depth study, originally published in 2006, of the careers and roles of judges in France, Germany, Spain, Sweden and England, this book is based on original language materials and investigations of judges and judicial institutions in each country. On the basis of these detailed case studies, the book suggests factors that shape the character of the judiciary in different countries, focusing on issues such as women's careers and the relationship between judicial careers and politics. Bell's investigations offer lessons on issues which the English judiciary was having to confront in the period of reform at the time of this book's publication.
Aspects de la pratique constitutionnelle en France et en Espagne de 1958 et 1978 à 1999

Aspects de la pratique constitutionnelle en France et en Espagne de 1958 et 1978 à 1999

Author: Manuel Ramírez
Publisher: Presses Univ de Bordeaux
ISBN: 2909596222
Pages: 317
Year: 2001
En 1958 et 1978, les constituants français et espagnol ont établi un régime parlementaire rationalisé. En recourant à des mécanismes juridiques souvent différents, ils sont parvenus à des résultats très proches : une vie politique stable, le consensus sur le régime politique et l'alternance de majorité au pouvoir. Là réside l'intérêt majeur de cette étude comparative de la pratique institutionnelle et politique de ces deux pays, organisée autour de quatre thèmes : les secondes chambres, les juridictions constitutionnelles, le système de partis, le gouvernement et l'opposition dans les systèmes politiques, et à laquelle ont participé les meilleurs spécialistes français et espagnols.
L'efficacité comparée des recours pour excès de pouvoir et de plein contentieux objectif en droit public français

L'efficacité comparée des recours pour excès de pouvoir et de plein contentieux objectif en droit public français

Author: David Bailleul
Publisher: Publication Univ Rouen Havre
ISBN: 2275021191
Pages: 428
Year: 2002
Il est bien connu que le contentieux administratif français repose pour l'essentiel sur un diptyque opposant le recours pour excès de pouvoir et celui de pleine juridiction. Alors que le premier se présente classiquement comme l'instrument de prédilection du contentieux objectif - posant uniquement au juge une question de légalité -, le second est généralement assimilé au contentieux subjectif, qui regroupe principalement les litiges intéressant la responsabilité de la puissance publique. Depuis toujours cependant, un embryon de litiges, dont l'issue dépend seulement de la réponse donnée à une question de légalité et qui de ce fait présentent un caractère indéniablement objectif, ne relèvent pas de l'excès de pouvoir mais de la pleine juridiction et sont ainsi normalement astreints au même régime que les litiges subjectifs. Si traditionnellement il était possible de s'accommoder d'une telle anomalie en analysant cette catégorie de contentieux comme une spécificité qui ne remettait pas véritablement en cause la distinction fondamentale des recours, cet embryon s'est considérablement développé ces dernières années, au point de remettre au goût du jour une question déjà plusieurs fois débattue au cours du XXe siècle : celle de la disparition du recours pour excès de pouvoir. Sous-tendu par cette question cruciale, cet ouvrage se veut avant tout une étude prospective de l'efficacité comparée des deux types de recours juridictionnels susceptibles d'intervenir dans le domaine de la légalité. Au-delà de sa dimension pragmatique, il propose une réflexion sur la situation présente et à venir du contentieux administratif objectif, reposant sur une analyse systématique de l'état du droit.
A New Introduction to Comparative Law

A New Introduction to Comparative Law

Author: Jaakko Husa
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1849469512
Pages: 272
Year: 2015-05-28
This thought-provoking introduction to the study of comparative law provides in-depth analyses of all major comparative methodologies and theories and serves as a common sense guide to the study of foreign legal systems. It is written in a lively and accessible style and will prove indispensable reading to students of the subject. It also contains much that will be of interest to comparative law scholars, offering novel insights into commonplace methodological and theoretical questions and making a significant contribution to the field.
The Political Origins of Constitutional Courts

The Political Origins of Constitutional Courts

Author: Pasquale Pasquino, Francesca Billi
Publisher:
ISBN: 8896770092
Pages: 157
Year: 2009

The Nature and Authority of Precedent

The Nature and Authority of Precedent

Author: Neil Duxbury
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139470973
Pages:
Year: 2008-04-03
Neil Duxbury examines how precedents constrain legal decision-makers and how legal decision-makers relax and avoid those constraints. There is no single principle or theory which explains the authority of precedent but rather a number of arguments which raise rebuttable presumptions in favour of precedent-following. This book examines the force and the limitations of these arguments and shows that although the principal requirement of the doctrine of precedent is that courts respect earlier judicial decisions on materially identical facts, the doctrine also requires courts to depart from such decisions when following them would perpetuate legal error or injustice. Not only do judicial precedents not 'bind' judges in the classical-positivist sense, but, were they to do so, they would be ill suited to common-law decision-making. Combining historical inquiry and philosophical analysis, this book will assist anyone seeking to understand how precedent operates as a common-law doctrine.
Economic Reasoning and Judicial Review

Economic Reasoning and Judicial Review

Author: Stephen G. Breyer
Publisher: American Enterprise Institute
ISBN: 0844771759
Pages: 19
Year: 2004-01-01
The judicial review of regulatory agencies' decisions, and of statutory enactments with important economic content, presents unique and persistent problems. These decisions are often technical and complex, and the judicial review is usually performed by non-specialists who often seek to provide clear rules and predictability, not case-by-case economic balancing of their own. Sound economic policy requires a balancing of both costs and benefits and demand and supply. In Economic Reasoning and Judicial Review (AEI Press, March 2004)--an essay first presented in December 2003 as the AEI-Brookings Joint Center for Regulatory Studies' 2003 Distinguished Lecture--Stephen G. Breyer, Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court, discusses these dilemmas in the context of recent Supreme Court decisions and offers suggestions for addressing them. In order to bring economic reasoning to bear in legal fields, such as antitrust law, intellectual property law, and economic regulation, Justice Breyer recommends the following: The law must take into greater consideration the underlying human purposes of the law, rather than simply favor strict legal categories. Courts should consider using independent experts for economic reasoning in technical areas rather than sending judges to economic seminars. These experts should understand the role that administrative considerations, such as the need for rules, play in the law. Given the law's reluctance to rely upon novel approaches, institutions outside the judiciary should debate and adopt economic methods for the courts to model. The legal process, Justice Breyer argues, "is too important to be left simply to the legal specialists, to the lawyers, or even to the judges." Those with basic economic or regulatory policymaking expertise need to participate in the judicial process. Whether serving as experts in individual cases or informed court watchers and critics, these experts can help lawyers and judges understand the tools of analysis and encourage their use. Justice Breyer has long been a leader in the quest to build a rational consensus on the appropriate role of government intervention in a market-based economy. As counsel to the Senate Judiciary Committee, he was one of the chief architects of airline deregulation. As a Harvard University law professor and a Supreme Court Justice, he has made seminal contributions to the understanding of social and economic regulation, copyright law, and administrative law. Justice Breyer is the author of Regulation and Its Reform (Harvard, 1992) and Breaking the Vicious Circle: Toward Effective Risk Regulation (Harvard, 1993).
An Introduction to Comparative Law

An Introduction to Comparative Law

Author: Konrad Zweigert, Hein Kötz
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0198268599
Pages: 714
Year: 1998
Now in its third edition, this title is completely updated with all recent developments incorporated in both new chapters and the existing ones.
Gateways to the global market

Gateways to the global market

Author: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. Committee on Consumer Policy
Publisher: Publications de l'OCDE
ISBN:
Pages: 133
Year: 1998-02-17
Presents the proceedings of a forum to begin the global dialogue and to examine ways to protect and empower consumers to make informed choices in the expanding global online marketplace.
Interpreting Precedents

Interpreting Precedents

Author: D. Neil MacCormick, Robert S. Summers, Arthur L. Goodhart
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351926446
Pages: 598
Year: 2016-12-05
This book contains a series of essays discussing the uses of precedent as a source of law and a basis for legal arguments in nine different legal systems, representing a variety of legal traditions. Precedent is fundamental to law, yet theoretical and ideological as well as legal considerations lead to its being differently handled and rationalised in different places. Out of the comparative study come the six theoretical and synoptic essays that conclude the volume.
The Routledge Companion to Philosophy of Law

The Routledge Companion to Philosophy of Law

Author: Andrei Marmor
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 0415878187
Pages: 630
Year: 2012
The Routledge Companion to the Philosophy of Law provides a comprehensive, non-technical philosophical treatment of the fundamental questions about the nature of law. Its coverage includes law's relation to morality and the moral obligations to obey the law, the main philosophical debates about particular legal areas such as criminal responsibility, property, contracts, family law, law and justice in the international domain, legal paternalism and the rule of law. The entirely new content has been written specifically for newcomers to the field, making the volume particularly useful for undergraduate and graduate courses in philosophy of law and related areas. All 39 chapters, written by the world's leading researchers and edited by an internationally distinguished scholar, bring a focused, philosophical perspective to their subjects. The Routledge Companion to the Philosophy of Law promises to be a valuable and much consulted student resource for many years.
The European Courts

The European Courts

Author: Neville March Hunnings
Publisher:
ISBN:
Pages: 393
Year: 1996
This text examines the range of European courts, showing how they relate to each other, the development of their powers and how this represents the beginnings of a court structure for Europe. Coverage is given to the European Court of Justice, the Court of First Instance and the EFTA Court of Justice, all three of which are closely intertwined. Also covered are the European Court and the Commission of Human Rights.
La Cour Suprême Des États-Unis

La Cour Suprême Des États-Unis

Author: Christian Lerat
Publisher: Presses Univ de Bordeaux
ISBN: 2867810671
Pages: 327
Year: 1989

Compliance and the Enforcement of EU Law

Compliance and the Enforcement of EU Law

Author: Marise Cremona
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 019163025X
Pages: 248
Year: 2012-03-15
The enlargement of the EU has highlighted the challenges of compliance, but it has also helped to suggest new compliance methodologies. The combination of methodologies used by the EU and the differing levels of enforcement available are characteristic of the EU's compliance system, permitting the remarkable reach and penetration of EU norms into national systems. In this new study six authors offer their 1ssessment of the enforcement procedures and compliance processes that have been developed to ensure Member State compliance with EU law. The first three chapters examine the merits of combining both coercive and problem-solving strategies, describing the systems in place and focussing on the different levels at which compliance mechanisms operate: national, regional, and international. It also looks at horizontal compliance as well as 'from above' compliance, creating a complex and rich picture of the EU's system. The final three chapters of the book focus on different aspects of compliance seen from a national perspective. The first analyses the two bases for the use of criminal sanctions to enforce EU law: the ability of Member States to choose to include criminal penalties for non-compliance in their national law; and the imposition of criminal sanctions at a national level by EU law itself. The book then moves on to a discussion of the role of national courts in ensuring Member State compliance with, and enforcement of, EU law. It examines the role of national constitutional courts in facilitating compliance with EU law and draws comparisons between EU law and international law and their interactions both with each other and with national constitutional courts.