Dans l'économie libérale, l'entreprise constitue le poumon de l'activité et de l'emploi. Comment celle-ci réagit-elle face aux mutations progressives ou soudaines de son environnement juridique, social, technologique et économique ? Soumission ou stratégie d'évitement constituent des réactions possibles et peuvent générer des actes illicites. Que l'illicite soit celui de l'entreprise ou qu'il soit commis dans l'entreprise, il révèle la singulière complexité de l'acte d'entreprendre.
L’ampleur et la variété des défis que suscite l’essor actuel du contentieux privé des pratiques anticoncurrentielles (le private enforcement) ne sont que partiellement appréhendées par la proposition de directive de la Commission européenne du 11 juin 2013. Cet ouvrage se propose donc de conduire une réflexion d’ensemble sur les évolutions possibles du droit judiciaire privé et du droit civil substantiel. Il est animé par une double quête d’efficacité du contentieux privé et de cohérence entre celui-ci et le contentieux devant les autorités de concurrence (le public enforcement). De toute évidence, le développement encadré du contentieux complémentaire (follow-on) permettrait de réaliser ce double objectif. Il mérite donc une étude détaillée. Pour autant, le contentieux privé autonome (stand alone), statistiquement plus fréquent, pourrait lui aussi s’avérer prometteur en incarnant une voie alternative de répression des pratiques qui échappent aux autorités de concurrence. Pour donner corps à ces deux convictions, il est proposé d’élaborer un régime commun aux contentieux privé autonome et complémentaire complété par un régime particulier à chacun d’eux. Cette thèse a obtenu le premier prix 2013 de la revue Concurrences.
To mark the fiftieth anniversary of the International Court of Justice, a distinguished group of international judges, practitioners and academics has undertaken a major review of its work. The chapters discuss the main areas of substantive law with which the Court has been concerned, and the more significant aspects of its practice and procedure in dealing with cases before it. It discusses the role of the Court in the international legal order, and its relationship with the UN's political organs. The thirty-three chapters are presented under five headings: the Court; the sources and evidences of international law; substance of international law; procedural aspects of the Court's work; the Court and the UN. It has been prepared in honour of Sir Robert Jennings, judge and sometime President of the Court.
Drawing on the essential premises of the Law of the Sea Convention as constotuion of the oceans, this book looks into the ways it can be evolved to accommodate new challenges to its regulatory scheme.
And Evidence, Jens Peglau
Complying with Europe
Author: Gerda Falkner
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
What does EU law truly mean for the member states? This book presents the first encompassing and in-depth empirical study of the effects of 'voluntaristic' and (partly) 'soft' EU policies in all 15 member states. The authors examine 90 case studies across a range of EU Directives and shed light on burning contemporary issues in political science, integration theory, and social policy. They reveal that there are major implementation failures and that, to date, the European Commission has not been able adequately to perform its control function.
'This volume valuably extends our understanding of the increasing use of soft law as an instrument of transnational regulation, and helpfully sets this phenomenon, now so present in the European Union, in its wider comparative context.' - Helen Wallace, European University Institute, Italy A rising interdependence among the members of international society and of global civil society has led to an increasing demand for governance without government. The new regulatory mode is characterized as a 'soft law' framework.
This book offers a unique comparison between state and individual responsibility for international crimes and examines the theories that can explain the relationship between these two regimes. The study provides a comprehensive and systematic analysis of the relevant international practice from the standpoint of both international criminal law, and in particular the case law of international criminal tribunals, and state responsibility. The author shows the various connections and issues arising from the parallel establishment of state and individual responsibility for the commission of the same international crimes. These connections indicate a growing need to better co-ordinate these regimes of international responsibility. The author maintains that a general conception, according to which state and individual responsibility are two separate sets of secondary rules attached to the breach of the same primary norms, can help to solve the various issues relating to this dual responsibility. This conception of the complementarity between state and individual responsibility justifies co-ordination and consistent application of these two different regimes, each of which aims to foster compliance with the most important obligations owed to the international community as a whole.
Aut Dedere Aut Judicare
Author: M. Cherif Bassiouni, Edward Martin Wise
Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers
Ali izročitev ali kazenski pregon (aut dedere aut judicare) - gre za obveznost, ki se pojavlja v raznih oblikah v mnogih multilateralnih konvencijah in drugih mednarodnih instrumentih, ki obravnavajo načine zatiranja posameznih mednarodnih kaznivih dejanj. Avtorja v podrobnostih obravnavata in ocenjujeta predpise mednarodnih instrumentov v povezavi z raznimi kaznivimi dejanji (npr. vojna hudodelstva, zločini proti človeštvu, prepoved mučenja, genocida, agresije, ugrabitve letal, k. d. v zvezi z varovanjem okolja, državnega in arheološkega bogastva, glede mednarodno varovanih oseb, korupcije v mednarodnih trgovinskih transakcijah, mednarodne trgovine z obscenimi publikacijami, rasne diskriminacije in apartheida, suženjstva, nezakonite uporabe orožja itd.).
This book offers the first systematic investigation of the phenomenon of soft law within the framework of the EC (the first pillar of the EU),and its use by the European Commission and Council of Ministers. It focusses upon how soft law fits into the Community legal system, and how it is used, and, in particular, how it relates to Community legislation. Differentiation of the Community instruments, including the instruments of soft law, is often thought to enhance the effectiveness, legitimacy and transparency of the Community. This book asks whether soft law indeed provides a satisfactory alternative to legislation from this perspective and, if so, in what cases and under what conditions. Furthermore, the author asks to what extent the use of soft law implies good governance, and throws fresh light on this very heterogenous phenomenon, by looking at frequently used instruments in many different areas of Community law, such as competition law, state aid, environment, social policy etc., in the process identifying their different characteristics, aims, functions and legal effects. What emerges is that the conditions under which soft law is used may be problematic in relation to increasing the legitimacy, effectiveness and transparency of Community action. This is a work which will interest legal practitioners confronted with the use of soft law and the question of its possible legal effect in an increasing number of sectors and academics interested in the vexed question of how the increased use of soft law can be justified in a Community legal order built upon the rule of law. It is also critical of developments taking place within the framework of the European Convention and the proposed European Constitution, and goes beyond the immediate problems of soft law to touch upon issues such as competence, legal protection, division of powers between the EC and the Member States, institutional balance, lawmaking by the Community Courts, the scope of Community legal principles and the influence of soft law on the progressive development of both Community and national law.
The contributors to this book analyze the various forms of corruption in Western European countries, in Russia and in Japan, and assess its impact on the political and administrative system, on political parties and on standards in public life.
EU Law Stories
Author: Fernanda Nicola, Bill Davies
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Through an interdisciplinary analysis of the rulings of the Court of Justice of the European Union, this book offers 'thick' descriptions, contextual histories and critical narratives engaging with leading or minor personalities involved behind the scenes of each case. The contributions depart from the notion that EU law and its history should be narrated in a linear and incremental way to show instead that law evolves in a contingent and not determinate manner. The book shows that the effects of judge-made law remain relatively indeterminate and each case can be retold through different contextual narratives, and shows the commitment of the European legal elites to the experience of legal reasoning. The idea to cluster the stories around prominent cases is not to be fully comprehensive, but to re-focus the scholarship and teaching of EU law by moving beyond the black letter and unravel the lawyering techniques to achieve policy results.
Author: Philip Schlesinger, Graham Murdock, Philip Ross Courtney Elliott
Publisher: Marion Boyars
Looks at how terrorism is portrayed in the British media, both news and fictional television programs, and discusses whether this coverage supports the government or gives undue influence to terrorist organizations