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Victim-Offender Mediation with Youth Offenders in Europe

Victim-Offender Mediation with Youth Offenders in Europe

Author: Anna Mestitz, Simona Ghetti
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402038798
Pages: 380
Year: 2006-01-16
This book documents the state of the art on Victim-Offender Mediation with youth offenders in 15 European nations (Austria, Belgium, England and Wales, Finland, France, Germany, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, The Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Spain, Sweden). It provides an up-do date review of current theory and practice and presents a critical discussion of problems and benefits which may help guide future policy decisions and applications. The book informs both those who are interested in evaluating the current state of affairs of Victim-Offender Mediation with youth offenders in Europe, and those who would like to promote Victim-Offender Mediation in their own countries. The common format used in each chapter facilitates comparison across countries. Per country, five areas of investigation are explored and discussed: norms and legislation allowing for the implementation of victim-offender mediation programmes; values and theoretical frameworks of victim-offender mediation; organizational structure of victim-offender mediation services; professional characteristics of mediators; benefits, potential problems, and criticisms of current practice.
Il n'y a pas de peine juste

Il n'y a pas de peine juste

Author: Guy Casadamont, Pierrette Poncela
Publisher: Odile Jacob
ISBN: 2738114563
Pages: 279
Year: 2004-01-01
À l'heure où même des parlementaires désignent les prisons comme une " honte pour la République ", nos sociétés qui se veulent évoluées s'efforcent de donner un " sens " à la peine. N'est-ce pas une illusion ? Peut-être n'y aurait-il ni progrès ni sens en matière de peine. Ce qui est sûr, pourtant, c'est que les peines donnent lieu à des pratiques sociales. Ce livre en analyse six : théoriser, légiférer, motiver, compter, surveiller, faire sa peine. Celle-ci se définit d'abord et peut-être exclusivement d'après ces pratiques... " Depuis sa naissance sans origine, il n'y a pas eu de peine juste, peut-être d'abord et seulement parce qu'elle est une peine " telle est la thèse de Guy Casadamont et Pierrette Poncela.
L'obligation de résultats en éducation

L'obligation de résultats en éducation

Author: Claude Lessard, Philippe Meirieu
Publisher: De Boeck Supérieur
ISBN: 2804159086
Pages: 344
Year: 2008-05-30
L’obligation de résultats en éducation représente un véritable choc pour un milieu scolaire traditionnellement réfractaire à l’évaluation et à la reddition de comptes, et pour un système d’éducation dont la seule véritable priorité au cours des quarante dernières années a été l’accessibilité à l’éducation pour le plus grand nombre. Car au-delà de la rhétorique et des stratégies managériales actuelles – qui méritent à juste titre d’être débattues et leurs effets appréciés –, est en cause la capacité du système éducatif de définir et d’assumer sa part de responsabilité par rapport non pas seulement à l’offre de formation, mais aussi à ses résultats. Ce livre propose des réflexions sur ce passage souhaité en éducation. L’obligation de résultats y est définie de plusieurs manières : · en référence aux apprentissages des élèves, · en tant que responsabilité d’un collectif de travail, · en rapport avec les moyens, processus ou procédures de travail, · en fonction de la compétence d’un enseignant moyen, compte tenu de son expérience et de son parcours de formation. Les auteurs prennent aussi en compte les tensions réelles entre l’accent mis sur des cibles quantitatives et une approche qualitative de la réussite scolaire et éducative, entre une vision réductrice et une définition large de la mission de l’école, entre les plans de réussite et les réformes, entre l’accroissement souhaité du rendement des unités et la perte anticipée d’efficience publique du système dans son ensemble, et entre la reddition de comptes et la professionnalisation de l’enseignement. Cet ouvrage est destiné aux étudiants des 2e et 3e cycles, de même qu'aux professeurs et chercheurs en Sciences de l'Éducatio. Il s'adresse également à toute personne désireuse d'analyser et de comprendre les enjeux d'une question primordiale et très actuelle en éducation.
L'institution éventrée

L'institution éventrée

Author: Marcelo Otero, Audrey-Anne Dumais Michaud, Romain Paumier
Publisher: PUQ
ISBN: 2760548392
Pages: 284
Year: 2017-11-15T00:00:00-05:00
Qu’est-ce qu’une institution aujourd’hui? Les conceptions théoriques de l’institution sont aussi variées que les représentations mobilisées par les intervenants sociaux dans le feu de l’action. Dans le présent ouvrage, théoriciens et intervenants du domaine social tentent de mettre en lumière, de comprendre et de problématiser le «nouvel esprit» de l’institution.
Problèmes politiques et sociaux

Problèmes politiques et sociaux

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Year: 2007

Política criminal y libertad

Política criminal y libertad

Author: Marcela Gutiérrez, Thomas Mathiesen, Dan Kaminski, Henrik Tham, Jehanne Hulsman, Cielo Mariño, Douglas Durán, Marzia Dalto, Jorge Caldas, Carol L. Abaunza, Paola Bustos, Karla Enriquez, Mónica Mendoza, Andrea Padilla , Giovanny Paredes
Publisher: U. Externado de Colombia
ISBN: 9587722108
Pages: 330
Year: 2015-02-03
Este libro es el producto de las investigaciones realizadas durante el año 2013, que se socializaron en el Congreso Internacional de Política Criminal y Libertad, en donde se discutieron diferentes posturas hacia el “delito” y las diversas reacciones frente a él. La primera parte del libro la hemos denominado “Hacia la desprisionalizacion”, en ella se encontrará: una crítica a la penalidad y al castigo, elementos de una racionalidad neoliberal, y a los sujetos que se comportan como empresarios; una confrontación de lo normativo con la realidad de la justicia penal y penitenciaria, mostrando el incumplimiento de las funciones declaradas de la pena; la búsqueda de verdaderas alternativas que garanticen los derechos humanos de todos los actores de un conflicto social; una exposición a la estrecha relación entre desigualdad y prisionalización; y la complejidad del sistema penal y sus imaginarios sociales. La segunda parte del libro la hemos denominado “Prisión y sociedad”, para explicar las vivencias de sujetos de especial protección que son sometidos a un control punitivo excesivo y deshumanizante. En ella se encontrará: una propuesta de una justicia juvenil restaurativa fundamentada en el principio de excepcionalidad y en la alternatividad: desjudicialización y desinstitucionalización de las sanciones; los avances normativos de la justicia penal juvenil, en contraste con las detenciones y muertes de jóvenes privados de la libertad; la riqueza del derecho indígena y sus lecciones aprendidas para la resolución de los conflictos; el estigma social frente al adulto mayor en el mundo extramuros e intramuros; y la incidencia de los medios de comunicación en una política criminal coyuntural, reactiva y punitiva.
Gouverner le crime: Le temps des doutes, 1920-2004

Gouverner le crime: Le temps des doutes, 1920-2004

Author: Jean-Pierre Allinne
Publisher: Editions L'Harmattan
ISBN:
Pages: 304
Year: 2004
Le retour sur la scène politique de "l'insécurité" lors de la campagne présidentielle de 2002 rappelle que le champ du pénal est devenu le domaine d'une rationalisation politique. Cette rationalisation ne va plus de soi. Autant des élites du XIXe siècle étaient soudées par "l'obsession créatrice" de la récidive, autant celles du XXe siècle hésitent entre des politiques rétributives et réhabilitatives. Le présent volume 2 retrace les configurations successives des deux types de politiques. Mais la fin du XXe siècle s'ouvre à une 3ème acceptation, celle de la prise en compte du trauma des victimes.
Commentaire

Commentaire

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Year: 1999

Judging Mohammed

Judging Mohammed

Author: Susan J. Terrio
Publisher: Stanford University Press
ISBN: 0804771030
Pages: 368
Year: 2009-02-18
In October 2005, three weeks of rioting erupted in France following the accidental deaths of two French boys of North African ancestry. Killed while fleeing the police, these boys were deemed dangerous based largely on their immigrant origins. In France, disadvantaged children of immigrant and foreign ancestry represent the vast majority of formal suspects and have increasingly been portrayed as a threat to public safety and as the embodiment of the assault on French values. Despite official rhetoric of protection, Judging Mohammed reveals how the treatment of these children in the juvenile courts system undermines legal guarantees of equality and due process and reinforces existing hierarchies. Based on five years of extensive research in the largest and most influential juvenile court in France, this work follows young people inside the system, from arrest to court trials. Revealing an alarming turn toward accountability, restitution, and retribution, this groundbreaking study uncovers the disquieting reasons behind France's shifting approaches to the identification, treatment, and representation of its delinquent youth.
Contemporary Polish law

Contemporary Polish law

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Year: 1992

The Neuroscience of Risky Decision Making

The Neuroscience of Risky Decision Making

Author: Valerie F. Reyna, Vivian Zayas
Publisher: American Psychological Association (APA)
ISBN: 1433816628
Pages: 214
Year: 2014-01-01
Whether the decision is to have unprotected sex, consent to surgery, have an extra piece of pie, or spend rather than save for retirement, risky decisions permeate our lives, and sometimes with disastrous consequences. How and why risk taking occurs has important implications. Yet many questions remain about how neurobiological, psychological, and socio-cultural factors influence decision-making. This book advances basic understanding and scientific theory about the brain mechanisms underlying risky decision by integrating findings from a number of disciplines, including development and cognitive psychology, brain sciences, law, behavioral economic, and addiction. The result is a rich scientific framework for understanding the causal mechanisms of risky decision making across the lifespan. Book jacket.
Community Service and Social Responsibility in Youth

Community Service and Social Responsibility in Youth

Author: James Youniss, Miranda Yates
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 0226964833
Pages: 185
Year: 1997-08-18
The chief purpose of this book is to present a theoretical rationale for youth's involvement in community service. The thesis is that youth's participation in solving social problems has the potential to promote the development of personal and collective identiy. In the autors view, identity development requires stepping into history by adopting a respected ideology that connects youth to other genrations, gives meaning to present experience, and provides hope for the future. This defintion implies agency - a sense that one can make a difference in society - and social responsibility, or concern for society's wellbeeing. The theoretical approach was stimulated by having read occasional essays about service experiences from several groups of high school students. One group, a class of juniiors in a school in Washington, CD, had produced an especially impressive set of reflections. The autors discovered that the students were attending a Catholic high school and were primarily Black. To the autors, the essays seemed important for revealing the developmental possibilities of service and for showing a positive side of Black urban youth that was different from their usual depiction in the media. The autors wanted to study a group of adolescents closely in order to understand more about the process that mediates effects of service. So they approached this school, which seemed to have considerable potential for the autors purposes. The autors came quickly to a mutual agreement about doing an intensive study of the next year's (1993-94) junior class. They agreed to observe these students (N=160) as they progressed through a required course on social justice in which service at a soup kitchen was a mandatory and essential part. The present book reports the results of this study and describes the autors theory on how service stimulates political-moral agency and responsibility.
Clandestine Political Violence

Clandestine Political Violence

Author: Donatella della Porta
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521195748
Pages: 326
Year: 2013-07-22
Compares four types of clandestine political violence: left-wing, right-wing, ethnonationalist and religious fundamentalist.
In Defense of Single-Parent Families

In Defense of Single-Parent Families

Author: Nancy E. Dowd
Publisher: NYU Press
ISBN: 0814744249
Pages: 222
Year: 1999-05-01
Single-parent families succeed. Within these families children thrive, develop, and grow, just as they do in a variety of family structures. Tragically, they must do so in the face of powerful legal and social stigma that works to undermine them. As Nancy E. Dowd argues in this bold and original book, the justifications for stigmatizing single-parent families are founded largely on myths, myths used to rationalize harshly punitive social policies. Children, in increasing numbers, bear the brunt of those policies. In this generation, more than two-thirds of all children will spend some time in a single-parent family before reaching age 18. The damage done in the name of justified stigma, therefore, harms a great many children. Dowd details the primary justifications for stigmatizing single-parent families, marshalling an impressive array of resources about single parents that portray a very different picture of these families. She describes them in all their forms, with particular attention to the differential treatment given never-married and divorced single parents, and to the impact of gender, race, and class. Emphasizing that all families face significant conflicts between work and family responsibilities, Dowd argues many two-parent families, in fact, function as single-parent caregiving households. The success or failure of families, she contends, has little to do with form. Many of the problems faced by single-parent families mirror problems faced by all families. Illustrating the harmful impact of current laws concerning divorce, welfare, and employment, Dowd makes a powerful case for centering policy around the welfare and equality of all children. A thought-provoking examination of the stereotypes, realities and possibilities of single-parent families, In Defense of Single-Parent Families asks us to consider the true purpose or goal of a family.
Dirty Entanglements

Dirty Entanglements

Author: Louise I. Shelley
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107015642
Pages: 386
Year: 2014-07-28
Using lively case studies, this book analyzes the transformation of crime and terrorism and the business logic of terrorism.