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Histoire du système éducatif

Histoire du système éducatif

Author: Jean-Claude Ruano-Borbalan, Vincent Troger
Publisher: Presses Universitaires de France
ISBN: 2130796044
Pages:
Year: 2017-03-22
En France, chacun passe en moyenne quinze ans à l’école. L’école est devenue un énorme système, une part essentielle de notre société. En retraçant son histoire, on peut observer que, si les contenus de l’enseignement sont issus d’une longue tradition remontant à la Grèce antique, les institutions et la forme de cet enseignement ont subi, à partir du XVIe siècle, des transformations radicales liées aux évolutions politiques, sociales et économiques. Cet ouvrage fait la synthèse de l’histoire de l’éducation en France au travers d’interrogations thématiques qui mettent en perspective les relations des pouvoirs institutionnels, des acteurs (maîtres et élèves) et de la demande sociale (familles, monde du travail) autour de la question scolaire. À lire également en Que sais-je ?... Les politiques d’éducation, Agnès van Zanten Histoire de l’éducation, Jean Vial
Revue française de pédagogie

Revue française de pédagogie

Author: Institut pédagogique national (France)
Publisher:
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Year: 2005

La sélection des professeurs des écoles

La sélection des professeurs des écoles

Author: Anne-Françoise Dequiré
Publisher: Editions L'Harmattan
ISBN: 2296066925
Pages: 303
Year: 2008
Aujourd'hui, beaucoup de jeunes diplômés s'orientent vers l'enseignement qui leur propose un métier attrayant doublé d'une sécurité d'emploi. Mais les épreuves de sélection se révèlent être un véritable défi pour les candidats. Pourtant, la sélection n'est pas une pratique nouvelle. Depuis 1930, des chercheurs se sont intéressés à la docimologie et à la notation lors des examens et des concours. Dans cet ouvrage, l'auteur s'interroge sur les critères de sélection des membres du jury au concours de professeur des écoles. Cette recherche effectuée dans les 30 académies de France porte principalement sur l'épreuve orale d'entretien et plus particulièrement sur les critères, les garanties, les signes et les éléments qui permettent aux membres du jury la prise de décision lors du recrutement des futurs enseignants. L'auteur montre avec minutie et de manière empirique les nombreux effets produits pendant la sélection, en mettant en évidence les méandres du processus de la prise de décision et en faisant ressortir les limites de la rationalité dans l'évaluation.
La formation des maîtres en France

La formation des maîtres en France

Author: Marcel Grandière
Publisher: INRP
ISBN:
Pages: 221
Year: 2006
"Autant vaut le maître, autant vaut l'école elle-même ", défend François Guizot en 1833 devant les députés. Certes. Mais comment trouver ces bâtisseurs d'humanité que sont les maîtres d'école? Est-ce une affaire d'Etat, comme semble l'indiquer l'Ecole normale de Paris sous la Révolution? Ou, au contraire, une question d'abord locale, une responsabilité et un droit des "pères de famille", si souvent cités au XIXe siècle, et de ceux qui les représentent dans les communes et dans les départements? Faut-il les former sur le terrain, auprès de leurs aînés, sous contrôle d'inspecteurs? Ou les accueillir dans des écoles spéciales, au risque de reléguer au second plan leur vocation, leur aptitude à travailler avec des enfants? Ou encore intégrer les élèves maîtres dans les lycées, comme le propose un député en 1905? Que faut-il leur apprendre? Quels équilibres tenir entre formation de l'esprit et du cœur, connaissances à acquérir, apprentissages pédagogiques, et pratique du métier devant les élèves? En fait, la formation des maîtres, hors ou dans les écoles normales, dépasse largement le simple cadre de l'école primaire; elle intéresse d'abord l'équilibre de "l'organisme social", le jeu des hiérarchies établies, la moralisation du peuple, "l'âme" de la société, selon un terme souvent employé jusqu'à la première guerre mondiale, alors que le débat est loin d'être clos.
Livres hebdo

Livres hebdo

Author:
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Year: 2010-01

Livres de France

Livres de France

Author:
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Year: 2010-01
Includes, 1982-1995: Les Livres du mois, also published separately.
The Sources of Husserl’s 'Ideas I'

The Sources of Husserl’s 'Ideas I'

Author: Andrea Staiti, Evan Clarke
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3110551608
Pages: 484
Year: 2018-05-07
Despite an ever-growing scholarly interest in the work of Edmund Husserl and in the history of the phenomenological movement, much of the contemporaneous scholarly context surrounding Husserl's work remains shrouded in darkness. While much has been written about the critiques of Husserl's work associated with Heidegger, Levinas, and Sartre, comparatively little is known of the debates that Husserl was directly involved in. The present volume addresses this gap in scholarship by presenting a comprehensive selection of contemporaneous responses to Husserl's work. Ranging in date from 1906 to 1917, these texts bookend Husserl's landmark Ideas for a Pure Phenomenology and Phenomenological Philosophy (1913). The selection encompasses essays that Husserl responded to directly in the Ideas I, as well as a number of the critical and sympathetic essays that appeared in the wake of its publication. Significantly, the present volume also includes Husserl's subsequent responses to his critics. All of the texts included have been translated into English for the first time, introducing the reader to a wide range of long-neglected material that is highly relevant to contemporary debates regarding the meaning and possibility of phenomenology.
Statistical Implicative Analysis

Statistical Implicative Analysis

Author: Régis Gras, Einoshin Suzuki, Fabrice Guillet, Filippo Spagnolo
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3540789839
Pages: 513
Year: 2008-07-06
Statistical implicative analysis is a data analysis method created by Régis Gras almost thirty years ago which has a significant impact on a variety of areas ranging from pedagogical and psychological research to data mining. Statistical implicative analysis (SIA) provides a framework for evaluating the strength of implications; such implications are formed through common knowledge acquisition techniques in any learning process, human or artificial. This new concept has developed into a unifying methodology, and has generated a powerful convergence of thought between mathematicians, statisticians, psychologists, specialists in pedagogy and last, but not least, computer scientists specialized in data mining. This volume collects significant research contributions of several rather distinct disciplines that benefit from SIA. Contributions range from psychological and pedagogical research, bioinformatics, knowledge management, and data mining.
Scattering Like Light

Scattering Like Light

Author: S. C. Ransom
Publisher:
ISBN: 085763013X
Pages: 282
Year: 2012-01-01
Alex knows there's a way that she and Callum can be together. Catherine holds the key to unlocking the secret but she's disappeared. Olivia has answers too, but they're hidden deep inside her troubled mind and won't be found.
The Metamorphoses of Kinship

The Metamorphoses of Kinship

Author: Maurice Godelier
Publisher: Verso Books
ISBN: 184467746X
Pages: 638
Year: 2011
A declining marriage rate, rising divorce rate, families breaking up and reforming, homosexual marriage and adoption. Where are the transformations in the family today taking us? In order to understand what is happening and what awaits us, the world-renowned anthropologist Maurice Godelier has decided to open up the whole question of kinship, surveying the accumulated experiences of humanity as regards marriages and unions, the organization of lines of descent, sexuality and sexual prohibitions. In parallel, Godelier studies the history of the study of kinship, from the nineteenth century to the present, in order to develop his own hypotheses. He concludes that it is nowhere the case that a man and a woman are sufficient on their own to bring a child into existence, and nowhere are relations of kinship or the family the foundation stone of a society. Godelier argues that the changes of the last thirty years do not herald disappearance or death agony of kinship but rather its remarkable metamorphosis - one that, ironically, has brought us closer to the "traditional" societies studied by ethnologists.
Faecal Sludge Management

Faecal Sludge Management

Author: Linda Strande, Damir Brdjanovic
Publisher: IWA Publishing
ISBN: 1780404735
Pages: 432
Year: 2014-08-15
It is estimated that literally billions of residents in urban and peri-urban areas of Africa, Asia, and Latin America are served by onsite sanitation systems (e.g. various types of latrines and septic tanks). Until recently, the management of faecal sludge from these onsite systems has been grossly neglected, partially as a result of them being considered temporary solutions until sewer-based systems could be implemented. However, the perception of onsite or decentralized sanitation technologies for urban areas is gradually changing, and is increasingly being considered as long-term, sustainable options in urban areas, especially in low- and middle-income countries that lack sewer infrastructures. This is the first book dedicated to faecal sludge management. It compiles the current state of knowledge of the rapidly evolving field of faecal sludge management, and presents an integrated approach that includes technology, management, and planning based on Sandecs 20 years of experience in the field. Faecal Sludge Management: Systems Approach for Implementation and Operation addresses the organization of the entire faecal sludge management service chain, from the collection and transport of sludge, and the current state of knowledge of treatment options, to the final end use or disposal of treated sludge. The book also presents important factors to consider when evaluating and upscaling new treatment technology options. The book is designed for undergraduate and graduate students, and engineers and practitioners in the field who have some basic knowledge of environmental and/or wastewater engineering.
My Life and Lens

My Life and Lens

Author: Capt. Robert L. Bowen
Publisher: iUniverse
ISBN: 1532016468
Pages: 412
Year: 2017-03-20
Journalists possess critical responsibilitiesone is simply to inform, another is to explain. As a military photojournalist during the Vietnam Era, Bob Bowen has captured visually with his camera and explained eloquently with his written words, the horrors and the honorable service of that period. In his new book My Life and Lens, Bowen articulates not only high action combat but the artful subtleties and tactics of warfare. He writes so well that the reader is pulled into the stories as if there in person. It is one thing to provide facts to Americas cumulative history; its another to display the facts through personal experiences. One will learn through reading this memoir that the life of a journalist in a war zone could be short-lived. It is dangerous work; but when successful, the work informs. This is what makes Bowens book such a compelling read. This memoir is an excellent pictorial and literary contribution not only to our nations history but in the recognition of those who honorably participated in that unpopular conflict. Respect is demonstrated to the families of the brave American heroes of this long-ago era by Bob Bowens memorializing them in his book. - Worth Earlwood Norman, Jr., retired account executive, EDS Corporation; author of two biographiesJames Solomon Russell: Former Slave, Pioneer Educator, and Episcopal Evangelist (McFarland Publishing, 2012), William Jelks Cabaniss, Jr., Crossing Lines in His Business, Political and Diplomatic Life (Archdeacon Books, 2014) and one memoir, Six Bits: USMC 1962-1963 (My Years in USMC Bands 1962-1966) (Kindle eBook) I predict this is a great book by Bob Bowen who is writing about his own life during the Vietnam War. Bob is an expert photographer and was a war correspondent and a fine writer. This job was dangerous. This book could really take off and be a great success. I recommend it to anyone interested in the Vietnam War. The war was a harrowing experience for the men involved, and they have never been given proper credit for their bravery. - Don Gilmore, author, Eyewitness Vietnam The images you captured of our Marines in Vietnam are unequaled. Your book will be a smash hit! - Franklin Cox, author, Lullabies for Lieutenants My friend Bob Bowen has been a member of The American Legion for more than four decades, during which time he has been totally devoted to our country, our veterans, and their families. This memoir details his insights not only into war and coming home, but also into the people who are Americans. His life is proof that when most veterans take off their uniforms, they dont quit their service to the nation. My Life and Lens is the inspiring story of how one Marine is still serving America. - Daniel S. Wheeler, National Adjutant, The American Legion
Women, Consumption, and the Circulation of Ideas in South-Eastern Europe, 17th - 19th Centuries

Women, Consumption, and the Circulation of Ideas in South-Eastern Europe, 17th - 19th Centuries

Author: Constanţa Vintilă-Ghiţulescu
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 900435509X
Pages: 244
Year: 2017-10-12
A collection of stories and analysis about women, luxury, fashion and education in South-Eastern Europe in pre-modern and modern times.
Les Livres disponibles

Les Livres disponibles

Author:
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Year: 2003
La liste exhaustive des ouvrages disponibles publiés en langue française dans le monde. La liste des éditeurs et la liste des collections de langue française.
Introduction a Deux Theories D'anthropologie Sociale

Introduction a Deux Theories D'anthropologie Sociale

Author: Louis Dumont
Publisher:
ISBN: 9027968969
Pages: 139
Year: 1976-05