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Governing with Judges

Governing with Judges

Author: Alec Stone Sweet
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 019152283X
Pages: 246
Year: 2000-01-27
Governing with Judges elaborates a theory of constitutional politics, the process through which the discursive practices and techniques of constitutional adjudication come to structure the work of governments, parliaments, judges, and administrators. Focusing on the cases of France, Germany, Italy, Spain, and the European Union, the book examines the sources and consequences of the pan-European movement to confer constitutional review authority on a new governmental institution, the constitutional court. Detailed case studies illustrate how and to what extent legislative processes have been placed under the influence of constitutional judges. In a growing number of policy domains, these judges function as powerful, adjunct legislators. As constitutional courts have consolidated their position as authoritative interpreters of the constitutional law, and especially of human rights provisions, the work of the judiciary, too, has gradually been constitutionalised. Today, ordinary judges seek to detect violations of the constitution in their application of the various codes, and to rewrite statutes that they deem unconstitutional. Constitutional politics have not only provoked the demise of traditional notions of parliamentary sovereignty, they have organized profound transformations in the very nature of European governance. Stone Sweet argues that constitutional adjudication constructs complex causal linkages between rule systems and normativity, on the one hand, and the strategic behaviour of individuals, on the other. The theory constitutes a novel synthesis of normative and rational approaches to politics. The book also addresses central questions raised by a wide range of ongoing theory projects, including the 'new institutionalism,'rational choice, principal-agent theories of delegation, and the new constitutionalism in Continental legal theory.
Governing with Judges

Governing with Judges

Author: Alec Stone Sweet
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0198297300
Pages: 232
Year: 2000
Constitutional Politics in Europe: Governing with Judges elaborates a theory of constitutional politics, the process through which the discursive practices and techniques of constitutional adjudication come to structure the work of governments, parliaments, judges, and administrators. Focusingon the cases of France, Germany, Italy, Spain, and the European Union, the book examines the sources and consequences of the pan-European movement to confer constitutional review authority on a new governmental institution, the constitutional court. Detailed case studies illustrate how and to whatextent legislative processes have been placed under the influence of constitutional judges. In a growing number of policy domains, these judges function as powerful, adjunct legislators. As constitutional courts have consolidated their position as authoritative interpreters of the constitutionallaw, and especially of human rights provisions, the work of the judiciary, too, has gradually been constitutionalised. Today, ordinary judges seek to detect violations of the constitution in their application of the various codes, and to rewrite statutes that they deem unconstitutional.Constitutional politics have not only provoked the demise of traditional notions of parliamentary sovereignty, they have organized profound transformations in the very nature of European governance. Stone Sweet argues that constitutional adjudication constructs complex causal linkages between rule systems and normativity, on the one hand, and the strategic behaviour of individuals, on the other. The theory constitutes a novel synthesis of normative and rational approaches to politics. Thebook also addresses central questions raised by a wide range of ongoing theory projects, including the 'new institutionalism,'rational choice, principal-agent theories of delegation, and the new constitutionalism in Continental legal theory.
The Behavior of Federal Judges

The Behavior of Federal Judges

Author: Lee Epstein, William M Landes, Richard A Posner
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 0674070682
Pages: 440
Year: 2013-01-07
Federal judges are not just robots or politicians in robes, yet their behavior is not well understood, even among themselves. Using statistical methods, a political scientist, an economist, and a judge construct a unified theory of judicial decision-making to dispel the mystery of how decisions from district courts to the Supreme Court are made.
Governing with the Charter

Governing with the Charter

Author: James B. Kelly
Publisher: UBC Press
ISBN: 0774851716
Pages: 336
Year: 2006-05-01
In Governing with the Charter, James Kelly clearly demonstrates that our current democratic deficit is not the result of the Supreme Court's judicial activism. On the contrary, an activist framers' intent surrounds the Charter, and the Supreme Court has simply, and appropriately, responded to this new constitutional environment. While the Supreme Court is admittedly a political actor, it is not the sole interpreter of the Charter, as the court, the cabinet, and bureaucracy all respond to the document, which has ensured the proper functioning of constitutional supremacy in Canada. Kelly analyzes the parliamentary hearings on the Charter and also draws from interviews with public servants, senators, and members of parliament actively involved in appraising legislation to ensure that it is consistent with the Charter. He concludes that the principal institutional outcome of the Charter has been a marginalization of Parliament and that this is due to the Prime Minister's decision on how to govern with the Charter.
Judges in Street Clothes

Judges in Street Clothes

Author: Raymond J. McKoski
Publisher: Law, Culture, and the Humaniti
ISBN: 1611479223
Pages: 280
Year: 2017
Judges in Street Clothes provides an historical, theoretical, and practical analysis of the ethical restrictions placed on the public lives of judges. The State's interest in maintaining an independent and impartial judiciary is considered against a judge's right to engage in educational, religious, charitable, civic, and professional activities.
Governing the New Europe

Governing the New Europe

Author: Jack Ernest Shalom Hayward, Edward Page
Publisher: Duke University Press
ISBN: 0822317249
Pages: 417
Year: 1995
Governing the New Europe provides a comprehensive and scholarly account of the changing political map of Europe as it emerges from the Cold War. Exploring the variations of liberal democracy and market economy among the European states, as well as current trends in these directions, the contributors to this volume, all leading authorities in European politics, consider whether a common political model has begun to emerge out of historic European diversity. Beginning with a discussion of the political, economic, and cultural development of Europe from a historical perspective, the focus of the book shifts to an examination of the changing forms of European democracy and the move from public ownership and planning to privatization and deregulated competition. Further essays analyze the challenge to national party systems and electoral performance from emerging social movements and organized interest groups. Political and bureaucratic structures are also examined as is the new European constitutionalism reflected in the increasingly significant role of the judiciary. Lastly, attention is turned to several major themes in European politics: the changing foundations of foreign and security policy, the function of industrial champion firms, and the retreat from the welfare state. Primarily comparative in its scope, Governing the New Europe does devote particular attention to specific major states as well as to the importance of the European Union to the political life of member and non-member countries. Neither exaggerating the common features of the patterns that have emerged in contemporary Europe nor capitulating to the complexity of enduring differences and instabilities between states, Governing the New Europe will become one of the standard texts in its field. Contributors. Jack Hayward, Jolyon Howorth, Herbert Kitschelt, Marie Lavigne, Tom Mackie, Michael Mezey, Edward C. Page, Richard Parry, Richard Rose, Anthony Smith, Alec Stone
Model Code of Judicial Conduct

Model Code of Judicial Conduct

Author:
Publisher: American Bar Association
ISBN: 1590318390
Pages: 190
Year: 2007

Judicial Process and Judicial Policymaking

Judicial Process and Judicial Policymaking

Author: G. Alan Tarr
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 1435462394
Pages: 384
Year: 2013-01-01
An excellent introduction to judicial politics as a method of analysis, JUDICIAL PROCESS AND JUDICIAL POLICYMAKING, Sixth Edition, focuses on policy in the judicial process. Rather than limiting the text to coverage of the U.S. Supreme Court, G. Alan Tarr examines the judiciary as the third branch of government, and weaves four major premises throughout the text: 1) Courts in the United States have always played an important role in governing and that their role has increased in recent decades; 2) Judicial policymaking is a distinctive activity; 3) Courts make policy in a variety of ways; and 4) Courts may be the objects of public policy, as well as creators. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
Model Rules of Professional Conduct

Model Rules of Professional Conduct

Author: ABA Center for Professional Conduct
Publisher: American Bar Association
ISBN: 1604425172
Pages: 209
Year: 2009
The Model Rules of Professional Conduct offers timely information on lawyer ethics. The black-letter Rules of Professional Conduct are followed by numbered Comments that explain each Rule's purpose and provide suggestions for its practical application. The Rules help lawyers identify proper conduct in a variety of given situations, review those instances where discretionary action is possible, and define the nature of the lawyer's relationship with clients, colleagues, and the courts.
Political Foundations of Judicial Supremacy

Political Foundations of Judicial Supremacy

Author: Keith E. Whittington
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400827752
Pages: 320
Year: 2009-03-09
Should the Supreme Court have the last word when it comes to interpreting the Constitution? The justices on the Supreme Court certainly seem to think so--and their critics say that this position threatens democracy. But Keith Whittington argues that the Court's justices have not simply seized power and circumvented politics. The justices have had power thrust upon them--by politicians, for the benefit of politicians. In this sweeping political history of judicial supremacy in America, Whittington shows that presidents and political leaders of all stripes have worked to put the Court on a pedestal and have encouraged its justices to accept the role of ultimate interpreters of the Constitution. Whittington examines why presidents have often found judicial supremacy to be in their best interest, why they have rarely assumed responsibility for interpreting the Constitution, and why constitutional leadership has often been passed to the courts. The unprecedented assertiveness of the Rehnquist Court in striking down acts of Congress is only the most recent example of a development that began with the founding generation itself. Presidential bids for constitutional leadership have been rare, but reflect the temporary political advantage in doing so. Far more often, presidents have cooperated in increasing the Court's power and encouraging its activism. Challenging the conventional wisdom that judges have usurped democracy, Whittington shows that judicial supremacy is the product of democratic politics.
On Law, Politics, and Judicialization

On Law, Politics, and Judicialization

Author: Martin Shapiro, Alec Stone Sweet
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199256470
Pages: 417
Year: 2002-08-22
Across the globe, the domain of the litigator and the judge has radically expanded, making it increasingly difficult for those who study comparative and international politics, public policy and regulation, or the evolution of new modes of governance to avoid encountering a great deal of law and courts. In On Law, Politics, and Judicialization, two of the world's leading political scientists present the best of their research, focusing on how to build and test a social science oflaw and courts. The opening chapter features Shapiro's classic 'Political Jurisprudence,' and Stone Sweet's 'Judicialization and the Construction of Governance,' pieces that critically redefined research agendas on the politics of law and judging. Subsequent chapters take up diverse themes: thestrategic contexts of litigation and judging; the discursive foundations of judicial power; the social logic of precedent and appeal; the networking of legal elites; the lawmaking dynamics of rights adjudication; the success and diffusion of constitutional review; the reciprocal impact of courts and legislatures; the globalization of private law; methods, hypothesis-testing, and prediction in comparative law; and the sources and consequences of the creeping 'judicialization of politics' aroundthe world. Chosen empirical settings include the United States, the GATT-WTO, France and Germany, Imperial China and Islam, the European Union, and the transnational world of the Lex Mercatoria. Written for a broad, scholarly audience, the book is also recommended for use in graduate and advancedundergraduate courses in law and the social sciences.
Intellectual Property and the Judiciary

Intellectual Property and the Judiciary

Author: Christophe Geiger, Craig A. Nard, Xavier Seuba
Publisher:
ISBN: 1788113071
Pages: 552
Year: 2018-10-26
Intellectual Property and the Judiciary examines the role of judges in the development, interpretation and application of intellectual property (IP) law and norms. In this regard, the authors engage in a comparative analysis of various national, European and international court systems while also exploring the competing and complementary roles of legislators and executive actors. Each chapter seeks to capture the comparative institutional advantages of government bodies within existing legal frameworks as well as offering a thorough examination of both the common law and civil law traditions in the context of judicial treatment of intellectual property. The result is a series of proposals relating to the architecture of judiciaries and the functional role of judges with the goal of optimally positioning jurists to address complex issues and advance intellectual property doctrine and policy. Featuring high-level authors from both academia and practice, the book will be of great interest to academic researchers and practicing lawyers who have a focus on intellectual property. It will be of particular value to those who are engaged in the rapidly changing enforcement environment of intellectual property rights.
The Training of Judges and Public Prosecutors in Europe

The Training of Judges and Public Prosecutors in Europe

Author:
Publisher: Council of Europe
ISBN: 9287130167
Pages: 181
Year: 1996
Verburg and Armando Leandro.
Canons of Judicial Ethics

Canons of Judicial Ethics

Author: R. C. Lahoti
Publisher: Universal Law Publishing
ISBN: 8175344636
Pages: 94
Year: 2005
First M.C. Setalvad Memorial Lecture, held at India Habitat Centre, New Delhi on 22nd Feb., 2005.
The Special Law Governing Public Service Corporations

The Special Law Governing Public Service Corporations

Author: Bruce Wyman
Publisher: Beard Books
ISBN: 1587980924
Pages: 672
Year: 2001-03-01