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Fundamentals of Radiation Materials Science

Fundamentals of Radiation Materials Science

Author: Gary S. Was
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1493934384
Pages: 1002
Year: 2016-07-08
The revised second edition of this established text offers readers a significantly expanded introduction to the effects of radiation on metals and alloys. It describes the various processes that occur when energetic particles strike a solid, inducing changes to the physical and mechanical properties of the material. Specifically it covers particle interaction with the metals and alloys used in nuclear reactor cores and hence subject to intense radiation fields. It describes the basics of particle-atom interaction for a range of particle types, the amount and spatial extent of the resulting radiation damage, the physical effects of irradiation and the changes in mechanical behavior of irradiated metals and alloys. Updated throughout, some major enhancements for the new edition include improved treatment of low- and intermediate-energy elastic collisions and stopping power, expanded sections on molecular dynamics and kinetic Monte Carlo methodologies describing collision cascade evolution, new treatment of the multi-frequency model of diffusion, numerous examples of RIS in austenitic and ferritic-martensitic alloys, expanded treatment of in-cascade defect clustering, cluster evolution, and cluster mobility, new discussion of void behavior near grain boundaries, a new section on ion beam assisted deposition, and reorganization of hardening, creep and fracture of irradiated materials (Chaps 12-14) to provide a smoother and more integrated transition between the topics. The book also contains two new chapters. Chapter 15 focuses on the fundamentals of corrosion and stress corrosion cracking, covering forms of corrosion, corrosion thermodynamics, corrosion kinetics, polarization theory, passivity, crevice corrosion, and stress corrosion cracking. Chapter 16 extends this treatment and considers the effects of irradiation on corrosion and environmentally assisted corrosion, including the effects of irradiation on water chemistry and the mechanisms of irradiation-induced stress corrosion cracking. The book maintains the previous style, concepts are developed systematically and quantitatively, supported by worked examples, references for further reading and end-of-chapter problem sets. Aimed primarily at students of materials sciences and nuclear engineering, the book will also provide a valuable resource for academic and industrial research professionals. Reviews of the first edition: "...nomenclature, problems and separate bibliography at the end of each chapter allow to the reader to reach a straightforward understanding of the subject, part by part. ... this book is very pleasant to read, well documented and can be seen as a very good introduction to the effects of irradiation on matter, or as a good references compilation for experimented readers." - Pauly Nicolas, Physicalia Magazine, Vol. 30 (1), 2008 “The text provides enough fundamental material to explain the science and theory behind radiation effects in solids, but is also written at a high enough level to be useful for professional scientists. Its organization suits a graduate level materials or nuclear science course... the text was written by a noted expert and active researcher in the field of radiation effects in metals, the selection and organization of the material is excellent... may well become a necessary reference for graduate students and researchers in radiation materials science.” - L.M. Dougherty, 07/11/2008, JOM, the Member Journal of The Minerals, Metals and Materials Society.
Fundamentals of Radiation Materials Science

Fundamentals of Radiation Materials Science

Author: Gary S. Was
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540494723
Pages: 827
Year: 2007-07-14
This book is an eye-opening treatise on the fundamentals of the effects of radiation on metals and alloys. When energetic particles strike a solid, numerous processes occur that can change the physical and mechanical properties of the material. Metals and alloys represent an important class of materials that are subject to intense radiation fields. Radiation causes metals and alloys to swell, distort, blister, harden, soften and deform. This textbook and reference covers the basics of particle-atom interaction for a range of particle types, the amount and spatial extent of the resulting radiation damage, the physical effects of irradiation and the changes in mechanical behavior of irradiated metals and alloys.
Fundamentals of Radiation Materials Science

Fundamentals of Radiation Materials Science

Author: Gary S. Was
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540494715
Pages: 827
Year: 2007-07-16
This book is an eye-opening treatise on the fundamentals of the effects of radiation on metals and alloys. When energetic particles strike a solid, numerous processes occur that can change the physical and mechanical properties of the material. Metals and alloys represent an important class of materials that are subject to intense radiation fields. Radiation causes metals and alloys to swell, distort, blister, harden, soften and deform. This textbook and reference covers the basics of particle-atom interaction for a range of particle types, the amount and spatial extent of the resulting radiation damage, the physical effects of irradiation and the changes in mechanical behavior of irradiated metals and alloys.
Neutrons and Synchrotron Radiation in Engineering Materials Science

Neutrons and Synchrotron Radiation in Engineering Materials Science

Author: Peter Staron, Andreas Schreyer, Helmut Clemens, Svea Mayer
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527684506
Pages: 488
Year: 2017-01-03
Retaining its proven concept, the second edition of this ready reference specifically addresses the need of materials engineers for reliable, detailed information on modern material characterization methods. As such, it provides a systematic overview of the increasingly important field of characterization of engineering materials with the help of neutrons and synchrotron radiation. The first part introduces readers to the fundamentals of structure-property relationships in materials and the radiation sources suitable for materials characterization. The second part then focuses on such characterization techniques as diffraction and scattering methods, as well as direct imaging and tomography. The third part presents new and emerging methods of materials characterization in the field of 3D characterization techniques like three-dimensional X-ray diffraction microscopy. The fourth and final part is a collection of examples that demonstrate the application of the methods introduced in the first parts to problems in materials science. With thoroughly revised and updated chapters and now containing about 20% new material, this is the must-have, in-depth resource on this highly relevant topic.
An Introduction to Nuclear Materials

An Introduction to Nuclear Materials

Author: K. Linga Murty, Indrajit Charit
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527407677
Pages: 382
Year: 2013-01-29
Are you a visual learner? Do you prefer instructions that show you how to do something – and skip the long–winded explanations? If so, then this book is for you. Open it up and you′ll find clear, step–by–step screen shots that show you how to tackle more than 175 tasks involving HTML and CSS. Each task–based spread covers a single technique, sure to help you get up and running with HTML and CSS in no time. You′ll learn to: View HTML code in a browser Add and format text Prepare images for the Web Insert links to other pages Control layout with style sheets Add JavaScript to a Web page Helpful sidebars offer practical tips and tricks Succinct explanations walk you through step by step Full–color screen shots demonstrate each task Two–page lessons break big topics into bite–sized modules
Welding Metallurgy

Welding Metallurgy

Author: Sindo Kou
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0471460931
Pages: 480
Year: 2003-04-14
Updated to include new technological advancements in welding Uses illustrations and diagrams to explain metallurgical phenomena Features exercises and examples An Instructor's Manual presenting detailed solutions to all the problems in the book is available from the Wiley editorial department.
Fundamentals of Radiation Chemistry

Fundamentals of Radiation Chemistry

Author: A. Mozumder
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0080532179
Pages: 392
Year: 1999-08-16
This book describes the physical and chemical effects of radiation interaction with matter. Beginning with the physical basis for the absorption of charged particle radiations, Fundamentals of Radiation Chemistry provides a systematic account of the formation of products, including the nature and properties of intermediate species. Developed from first principles, the coverage of fundamentals and applications will appeal to an interdisciplinary audience of radiation physicists and radiation biologists. Only an undergraduate background in chemistry and physics is assumed as a prerequisite for the understanding of applications in research and industry. Provides a working knowledge of radiation effects for students and non-experts Stresses the role of the electron both as a radiation and as a reactant species Contains clear diagrams of track models Includes a chapter on applications Written by an expert with more than thirty years of experience in a premiere research laboratory Culled from the author's painstaking research of journals and other publications over several decades
Fundamentals of Nuclear Science and Engineering Third Edition

Fundamentals of Nuclear Science and Engineering Third Edition

Author: J. Kenneth Shultis, Richard E. Faw
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1498769306
Pages: 660
Year: 2018-03-29
Fundamentals of Nuclear Science and Engineering, Third Edition, presents the nuclear science concepts needed to understand and quantify the whole range of nuclear phenomena. Noted for its accessible level and approach, the Third Edition of this long-time bestselling textbook provides overviews of nuclear physics, nuclear power, medicine, propulsion, and radiation detection. Its flexible organization allows for use with Nuclear Engineering majors and those in other disciplines. The Third Edition features updated coverage of the newest nuclear reactor designs, fusion reactors, radiation health risks, and expanded discussion of basic reactor physics with added examples. A complete Solutions Manual and figure slides for classroom projection are available for instructors adopting the text.
Clinical Fundamentals for Radiation Oncologists

Clinical Fundamentals for Radiation Oncologists

Author: Hasan Murshed
Publisher:
ISBN: 1930524439
Pages: 661
Year: 2011
The profession of radiation oncology remains one of the most complex medical subspecialties, which requires an integrated understanding of radiation physics and technical aspects of radiation treatment planning and delivery; cancer and radiation biology; and, most importantly, the clinical oncology. Moreover, the profession continues to undergo revolutionary changes that require radiation oncologists to rapidly adopt and implement new clinical discoveries and technical innovations. The breadth of these changes can overwhelm busy practitioners, who struggle to keep abreast of the thousands of research articles and the number of changes in treatment techniques. To help with this, Hasan Murshed, M.D., M.S., has produced this text entitled, Clinical Fundamentals for Radiation Oncologists, which follows his acclaimed 2006 publication of Clinical Fundamentals for Radiation Oncology Residents. Clinical Fundamentals for Radiation Oncologists is a unique resource for busy radiation oncologists. First, it is a comprehensive text that includes review of the basic sciences underlying the field of radiation oncology, important overviews of the current state of knowledge for all common cancers managed by radiation oncologists, a concise overview of modern radiation treatment techniques, and discussion of palliative care and symptom management. In addition to this, another attractive feature about this book is its ease of use. Information is laid out for efficient utilization, with bulleted key points and effective tabulation of relevant data. The annotated bibliography not only lists the most relevant current literature but also provides the reader a capsule summary of the most important results and clinical relevancy of these studies. The efficient presentation of such material will no doubt be very useful for radiation oncologists who have only minutes to prepare for an upcoming tumor board discussion. Radiation oncologists practice evidenc
Kinetics in Materials Science and Engineering

Kinetics in Materials Science and Engineering

Author: Dennis W. Readey
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1482235676
Pages: 612
Year: 2017-01-27
"A pedagogical gem.... Professor Readey replaces ‘black-box’ explanations with detailed, insightful derivations. A wealth of practical application examples and exercise problems complement the exhaustive coverage of kinetics for all material classes." –Prof. Rainer Hebert, University of Connecticut "Prof. Readey gives a grand tour of the kinetics of materials suitable for experimentalists and modellers.... In an easy-to-read and entertaining style, this book leads the reader to fundamental, model-based?understanding of kinetic processes critical to development, fabrication and application of commercially-important soft (polymers, biomaterials), hard (ceramics, metals) and composite materials. It is a must-have for anyone who really wants to understand how to make materials and how they will behave in service." --Prof. Bill Lee, Imperial College London, Fellow of the Royal?Academy of Engineering "A much needed text filing the gap between an introductory course in materials science and advanced materials-specific kinetics courses. Ideal for the undergraduate interested in an in-depth study of kinetics in materials." –Prof. Mark E. Eberhart, Colorado School of Mines This book provides an in-depth introduction to the most important kinetic concepts in materials science, engineering, and processing. All types of materials are addressed, including metals, ceramics, polymers, electronic materials, biomaterials, and composites. The expert author with decades of teaching and practical experience gives a lively and accessible overview, explaining the principles that determine how long it takes to change material properties and make new and better materials. The chapters cover a broad range of topics extending from the heat treatment of steels, the processing of silicon integrated microchips, and the production of cement, to the movement of drugs through the human body. The author explicitly avoids "black box" equations, providing derivations with clear explanations.
Physical Foundations of Materials Science

Physical Foundations of Materials Science

Author: Günter Gottstein
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3662092913
Pages: 502
Year: 2013-03-09
In this vivid and comprehensible introduction to materials science, the author expands the modern concepts of metal physics to formulate basic theory applicable to other engineering materials, such as ceramics and polymers. Written for engineering students and working engineers with little previous knowledge of solid-state physics, this textbook enables the reader to study more specialized and fundamental literature of materials science. Dozens of illustrative photographs, many of them transmission electron microscopy images, plus line drawings, aid developing a firm appreciation of this complex topic. Hard-to-grasp terms such as "textures" are lucidly explained - not only the phenomenon itself, but also its consequences for the material properties. This excellent book makes materials science more transparent.
Measurement and Detection of Radiation, Fourth Edition

Measurement and Detection of Radiation, Fourth Edition

Author: Nicholas Tsoulfanidis, Sheldon Landsberger
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1482215489
Pages: 606
Year: 2015-04-10
A Sound Introduction to Radiation Detection and Measurement for Newcomers to Nuclear Science and Engineering Since the publication of the bestselling third edition, there have been advances in the field of radiation detection, most notably in practical applications. Incorporating these important developments, Measurement and Detection of Radiation, Fourth Edition provides the most up-to-date and accessible introduction to radiation detector materials, systems, and applications. New to the Fourth Edition New chapters on nuclear forensics and nuclear medicine instrumentation, covering basic principles and applications as well as open-ended problems that encourage more in-depth research Updated references and bibliographies New and expanded problems As useful to students and nuclear professionals as its popular predecessors, this fourth edition continues to carefully explain the latest radiation detector technology and measurement techniques. It also discusses the correct ways to perform measurements and analyze results following current health physics procedures.
Comprehensive Nuclear Materials

Comprehensive Nuclear Materials

Author: Todd R Allen, Roger E Stoller, Shinsuke Yamanaka
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0080560334
Pages: 3560
Year: 2011-05-12
Comprehensive Nuclear Materials discusses the major classes of materials suitable for usage in nuclear fission, fusion reactors and high power accelerators, and for diverse functions in fuels, cladding, moderator and control materials, structural, functional, and waste materials. The work addresses the full panorama of contemporary international research in nuclear materials, from Actinides to Zirconium alloys, from the worlds' leading scientists and engineers. Critically reviews the major classes and functions of materials, supporting the selection, assessment, validation and engineering of materials in extreme nuclear environment Fully integrated with F-elements.net, a proprietary database containing useful cross-referenced property data on the lanthanides and actinides Details contemporary developments in numerical simulation, modelling, experimentation, and computational analysis, for effective implementation in labs and plants
Programming Phase-Field Modeling

Programming Phase-Field Modeling

Author: S. Bulent Biner
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319411969
Pages: 400
Year: 2017-01-25
This textbook provides a fast-track pathway to numerical implementation of phase-field modeling—a relatively new paradigm that has become the method of choice for modeling and simulation of microstructure evolution in materials. It serves as a cookbook for the phase-field method by presenting a collection of codes that act as foundations and templates for developing other models with more complexity. Programming Phase-Field Modeling uses the Matlab/Octave programming package, simpler and more compact than other high-level programming languages, providing ease of use to the widest audience. Particular attention is devoted to the computational efficiency and clarity during development of the codes, which allows the reader to easily make the connection between the mathematical formulism and the numerical implementation of phase-field models. The background materials provided in each case study also provide a forum for undergraduate level modeling-simulations courses as part of their curriculum.
Atomic Radiation and Polymers

Atomic Radiation and Polymers

Author: A. Charlesby
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1483222799
Pages: 570
Year: 2016-01-22
Radiation Effects in Materials, Volume 1: Atomic Radiation and Polymers considers the theoretical and experimental studies on the association between polymers and atomic radiation. The use of radiation in polymer science constitutes a powerful tool for the quantitative study of macromolecules. This book consists of 31 chapters, and starts with a brief introduction to fundamentals of atomic radiation and polymer structure. The next chapters focus on some aspect of atomic radiation, including radiation units, radiation-matter interaction, and nuclear and electrical sources of radiation. A chapter presents the appropriate methods to study radiation chemistry and polymer. Considerable chapters are devoted to the molecular structure, chemistry, and reactions of polymers. This volume also describes some significant chemical changes of radiation. Other chapters explore the properties and reactions of various irradiated polymers. The remaining chapters deal with radiation protection effects in polymers, which are processes wherein small changes in chemical structure within a molecule or in its neighborhood can exert a disproportionately large influence on the overall chemical reactions. This book is of value to nuclear and solid state physicists, organic and polymer chemists, and nuclear engineers and radiobiologists.