Author: Dall-Young Lim
Publisher: Seven Seas
DARKEST HOUR Faced with the overwhelming strength of the humanoid Nova, the Pandora and their Valkyrie allies are locked in a seemingly unwinnable battle. With casualties mounting, Sattelizer’s new powers might not be enough to turn the tide. Gengo has just one trump card left to play–and the Pandora will need all their strength to hold out until the time comes to lay it down.
This is the third volume in the series on the chemistry and physical properties of milk constituents. Volumes 1 and 2 dealt with the commercially important constituents proteins and lipids, respectively. Although the constituents dealt with in this volume are of less commercial importance, they are, nevertheless, of major significance in the chemical, physical, technological, nutritional and physiological properties of milk and milk products. Advanced Dairy Chemistry Volume 3 is the most comprehensive book available on the subject. The constituents of milk dealt with in this volume are lactose, water, milk salts and vitamins. The chemical and enzymatic modification of lactose and the physico-chemical properties of milk are also discussed. This book is a second edition of the very successful third volume in the series Developments in Dairy Chemistry. Professor Fox, a world authority in this field, has pulled together an impressive international list of contributors, providing a title that will be great use to personnel working within the dairy industry and those in academics and research.
This five-volume series provides a comprehensive overview of all important aspects of modern drying technology, concentrating on the transfer of cutting-edge research results to industrial use. Volume 3 discusses how desired properties of foods, biomaterials, active pharmaceutical ingredients, and fragile aerogels can be preserved during drying, and how spray drying and spray fluidized bed processes can be used for particle formation and formulation. Methods for monitoring product quality, such as process analytical technology, and modeling tools, such as Monte Carlo simulations, discrete particle modeling and neural networks, are presented with real examples from industry and academia.
This book is the third volume of Advanced Dairy Chemistry, which should be regarded as the second edition of Developments in Dairy Chemistry. Volume 1 of the series, Milk Proteins, was published in 1992 and Volume 2, Milk Lipids, in 1994. Volume 3, on lactose, water, salts and vitamins, essentially updates Volume 3 of Developments in Dairy Chemistry but with some important changes. Five of the eleven chapters are devoted to lactose (its physico-chemical properties, chemical modification, enzymatic modification and nutritional aspects), two chapters are devoted to milk salts (physico-chemical and nutritional aspects), one to vitamins and one to overview the flavour of dairy products. Two topics covered in the first editions (enzymes and other biologically active proteins) were transferred to Volume 1 of Advanced Dairy Chemistry and two new topics (water and physico chemical properties of milk) have been introduced. Although the constituents covered in this volume are commercially less important than proteins and lipids covered in Volumes 1 and 2, they are critically important from a nutritional viewpoint, especially vitamins and minerals, and to the quality and stability of milk and dairy products, especially flavour, milk salts and water. Lactose, the principal constituent of the solids of bovine milk, has long been regarded as essentially worthless and in many cases problematic from the nutritional and techno logical viewpoints; however, recent research has created several new possi bilities for the utilization of lactose.
Author: B.W. Berry
This book provides a comprehensive summary of the published research related to freezing of meat and poultry products. Among the aspects dealt with are: freezing rate, frozen storage temperature, frozen storage time, temperature fluctuations, thawing and packaging, and their influence on microbiology, storage life indicators, palatability, texture, histology, cooking properties, weight losses and chemical constitutents of red meat and poultry products. The information is presented in an easy-to-use tabular form. Summaries of individual research reports and papers are divided into fourteen main sections. For each summary, the Factors Studied and Characteristics Evaluated are first identified. A concise, yet sufficiently detailed, description of the Purpose and Methodology is given, followed by Results and Comments. A general conclusion, interpretation or comment determined by the original authors, the authors of this book, or both is presented under the heading of General Comments, and each summary concludes with the complete reference citation. Meat Freezing will serve as a useful source of information for those involved in research or conducting literature reviews in this area.
Structural Concrete, Volume 3
Author: fib Fédération internationale du béton
Publisher: fib Fédération internationale du béton
The second edition of the Structural Concrete Textbook is an extensive revision that reflects advances in knowledge and technology over the past decade. It was prepared in the intermediate period from the CEP-FIP Model Code 1990 (MC90) tofib Model Code 2010 (MC2010), and as such incorporates a significant amount of information that has been already finalized for MC2010, while keeping some material from MC90 that was not yet modified considerably. The objective of the Textbook is to give detailed information on a wide range of concrete engineering from selection of appropriate structural system and also materials, through design and execution and finally behaviour in use. The revised fib Structural Concrete Textbook covers the following main topics: phases of design process, conceptual design, short and long term properties of conventional concrete (including creep, shrinkage, fatigue and temperature influences), special types of concretes (such as self compacting concrete, architectural concrete, fibre reinforced concrete, high and ultra high performance concrete), properties of reinforcing and prestressing materials, bond, tension stiffening, moment-curvature, confining effect, dowel action, aggregate interlock; structural analysis (with or without time dependent effects), definition of limit states, control of cracking and deformations, design for moment, shear or torsion, buckling, fatigue, anchorages, splices, detailing; design for durability (including service life design aspects, deterioration mechanisms, modelling of deterioration mechanisms, environmental influences, influences of design and execution on durability); fire design (including changes in material and structural properties, spalling, degree of deterioration), member design (linear members and slabs with reinforcement layout, deep beams); management, assessment, maintenance, repair (including, conservation strategies, risk management, types of interventions) as well as aspects of execution (quality assurance), formwork and curing. The updated Textbook provides the basics of material and structural behaviour and the fundamental knowledge needed for the design, assessment or retrofitting of concrete structures. It will be essential reading material for graduate students in the field of structural concrete, and also assist designers and consultants in understanding the background to the rules they apply in their practice. Furthermore, it should prove particularly valuable to users of the new editions of Eurocode 2 for concrete buildings, bridges and container structures, which are based only partly on MC90 and partly on more recent knowledge which was not included in the 1999 edition of the Textbook.
Author: John Trecartin Ogden
In Freezing, the buxom Satellizer el Bridget headlines a group of genetically engineered girls tasked with repelling an invasion from inter-dimensional aliens! REMINISCENCE collects the sexy and stunning artwork of Kwang-Hyun Kim, illustrator of the original Freezing manga. Inside you ll find book covers, rare pinups, character designs, and an interview with the artist himself! "
Author: S J James, Bruce James
The chilling and freezing of meat remains an essential way of extending shelf-life and maintaining quality. Based on the work of the internationally-renowned Food Refrigeration and Process Engineering Centre (FRPERC), Meat refrigeration provides an authoritative guide both to the impact of refrigeration on meat and best practice in using it to maximise meat quality for the consumer. Part one considers the impact of refrigeration on meat quality. There are chapters on the microbiology of refrigerated meat and its influence on shelf-life, drip production, weight loss and the effect of refrigeration on colour and texture. Part two looks at best practice in managing the cold chain from carcass to consumer. The authors discuss primary chilling, freezing, thawing and tempering, transport, storage, retail display and consumer handing. Part three of the book looks at aspects of process control, including chapters on such issues as temperature measurement, the design and optimal use of refrigeration systems. Both authoritative and practical, Meat refrigeration is a standard work for all those wishing to maximise the quality of refrigerated meat. The standard work on meat refrigeration Covers both individual quality issues and the management of the cold chain from carcass to consumer
Frost Survival of Plants
Author: Akira Sakai, Walter Larcher
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Low temperature represents, together with drought and salt stress, one of the most important environmental constraints limiting the pro ductivity and the distribution of plants on the Earth. Winter survival, in particular, is a highly complex phenomenon, with regards to both stress factors and stress responses. The danger from winter cold is the result not only of its primary effect, i. e. the formation of ice in plant tissues; additional threats are presented by the freezing of water in and on the ground and by the load and duration ofthe snow cover. In recent years, a number of books and reviews on the subject of chilling and frost resistance in plants have appeared: all of these publications, however, concentrate principally on the mechanisms of injury and resistance to freezing at the cellular or molecular level. We are convinced that analysis of the ultrastructural and biochemical alterations in the cell and particularly in the plasma membrane during freezing is the key to understanding the limits of frost resistance and the mechanisms of cold acclimation. This is undoubtedly the immediate task facing those of us engaged in resistance research. It is nevertheless our opinion that, in addition to understanding the basic physiological events, we should be careful not to overlook the importance of the comparative aspects of the freezing processes, the components of stress avoidance and tolerance and the specific levels of resistance.
Responses of Plants to Environmental Stresses, Second Edition, Volume I: Chilling, Freezing, and High Temperature Stresses encompasses essentially all the environmental stresses that have been intensively investigated. However, this edition does not include mineral deficiencies, which comprise too broad and involve a field to be incorporated with other stresses. This book attempts to analyze the possibilities of developing unified concepts of stress injury and resistance. Organized into four parts, this edition first discusses the stress concepts, particularly the stress and strain terminologies, as well as the nature of stress injury and resistance. Stresses at chilling, freezing, and high-temperatures are addressed separately.
This volume provides a comprehensive overview on the vast amount of literature on solidification heat transfer. Chapter one develops important basic equations and discusses the validity of considering only conductive heat transfer, while ignoring convection, in the large class of materials which make up the porous media. Chapters 2 to 4 deal with problems that can be expressed in plane (Cartesian) coordinates. These problems are further divided into boundary conditions of temperature, prescribed heat flux, and surface convection. Chapter 5 examines some plane geometries involving three-dimensional freezing or thawing. Problems in the cylindrical and spherical coordinate systems are covered in chapters 6 and 7. Chapter 8 is an introduction to solidification in porous media. Many of the applications have been directed to water/ice soil-systems, but it should be clear that the basic techniques and solutions can be applied to such diverse areas as metallurgy, biological systems, latent heat storage, and the preservation of food.